Hypertension is a complex multifactorial disorder with genetic, environmental and demographic factors contributing to its prevalence. The genetic element contribution to blood pressure variation ranges from 30 to 50%. Therefore, identifying hypertension susceptibility genes will help understanding the pathophysiology of the disease. In addition to the potential impact of genomic information in selecting antihypertensive drug therapy, it may also help in recognizing those at risk of developing the disease, which may lead to new preventive approaches. Several strategies and methods have been used to identify hypertension susceptibility genes. Currently, genetic analysis of such data produced complex results, which makes it difficult to draw final conclusion on the use of genomic data in management of hypertension. This review attempts to summarize present known genetic variations that may be implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension and to discuss various research strategies used to identify them. It also highlights some of the opportunities and challenges, which may be encountered in interpreting the value of these genetic variations to improve management of hypertension.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine