Gastrointestinal transit in mice treated with various extracts of date (Phoenix dactylifera L.)

A. A. Al-Qarawi, B. H. Ali, S. A. Al-Mougy, H. M. Mousa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dates are commonly consumed, especially in the Middle East, but their effect on gastrointestinal transit (GIT) has not been quantified. The effect of water and ethanol extracts from date flesh and date pits on the GIT in mice was studied. Fasted unanaesthetized male mice received by gavage either the vehicle (0.02 m/kg), or the extracts at doses of 0.01, 0.02 or 0.04 ml/kg. Two separate groups received either clonidine (1 mg/kg) or yohimbine (2 mg/kg). Two hours later, all animals were given a test meal containing charcoal and gum arabic in water. Thirty min thereafter, they were killed and the distance the charcoal column had traveled along the small intestine was measured. Compared with the control, the animals that received the ethanol and water extracts of both date flesh and pits emptied, in a dose-dependent manner, more of their gastrointestinal content. The increase in the GIT ranged from 4 to 22%. However, water extract from dialyzed date flesh induced a dose-dependent decrease in GIT that ranged from 4 to 24%. Clonidine exerted a significant decrease (68%), and yohimbine a significant increase (30%) in the GIT. Depending on the method of extraction, the date extracts may exert an increase or a decrease in GIT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-39
Number of pages3
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2003

Fingerprint

Gastrointestinal Transit
gastrointestinal transit
Phoenix dactylifera
dates (fruit)
Yohimbine
Water
Charcoal
mice
extracts
Clonidine
clonidine
yohimbine
Animals
Ethanol
Gum Arabic
charcoal
dosage
water
ethanol
Gastrointestinal Contents

Keywords

  • Date pits
  • Dates
  • Gastrointestinal transit
  • Mice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Toxicology

Cite this

Gastrointestinal transit in mice treated with various extracts of date (Phoenix dactylifera L.). / Al-Qarawi, A. A.; Ali, B. H.; Al-Mougy, S. A.; Mousa, H. M.

In: Food and Chemical Toxicology, Vol. 41, No. 1, 01.01.2003, p. 37-39.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Al-Qarawi, A. A. ; Ali, B. H. ; Al-Mougy, S. A. ; Mousa, H. M. / Gastrointestinal transit in mice treated with various extracts of date (Phoenix dactylifera L.). In: Food and Chemical Toxicology. 2003 ; Vol. 41, No. 1. pp. 37-39.
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