Forced convection three-dimensional Maxwell nanofluid flow due to bidirectional movement of sheet with zero mass flux

Manzoor Ahmad, Essam Rashdy El-Zahar, Kamel Al-Khaled, Mehwish Rasheed, Sami Ullah Khan, Muhammad Taj, M. Ijaz Khan*, Samia Elattar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The 3D mixed convection flow of Maxwell nanofluid is investigated in this paper. A stretching surface in two adjacent directions causes the flow. The temperature and nanoparticle concentration distribution are explored using the Buongiorno framework for nanofluid and thermophoresis impacts and Brownian motion. Introducing dimensionless variables and boundary layer approximations the governing PDEs are reduced to set of nonlinear ODEs. Developed system of equations then solved using convergent series solution. Heat and mass transfer effects are carried out over numerically and graphically for various parameter of interest. According to the research, buoyancy and the mixed convection coefficient enhanced the x-component of velocity but decreased the y-component. The thermal and solutal energy transfers in the nanofluid were also improved by these two variables. It was also discovered that in the presence of the thermal relaxation phenomenon, the thermophoretic increased the flow's thermal energy transmission.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106050
JournalInternational Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Buoyancy force
  • Maxwell model
  • Mixed convection
  • Nanoparticles
  • Zero mass flux condition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this