Families of Sordariomycetes

Sajeewa S.N. Maharachchikumbura, Kevin D. Hyde, E. B.Gareth Jones, E. H.C. McKenzie, Jayarama D. Bhat, Monika C. Dayarathne, Shi Ke Huang, Chada Norphanphoun, Indunil C. Senanayake, Rekhani H. Perera, Qiu Ju Shang, Yuanpin Xiao, Melvina J. D’souza, Sinang Hongsanan, Ruvishika S. Jayawardena, Dinushani A. Daranagama, Sirinapa Konta, Ishani D. Goonasekara, Wen Ying Zhuang, Rajesh JeewonAlan J.L. Phillips, Mohamed A. Abdel-Wahab, Abdullah M. Al-Sadi, Ali H. Bahkali, Saranyaphat Boonmee, Nattawut Boonyuen, Ratchadawan Cheewangkoon, Asha J. Dissanayake, Jichuan Kang, Qi Rui Li, Jian Kui Liu, Xing Zhong Liu, Zuo Yi Liu, J. Jennifer Luangsa-ard, Ka Lai Pang, Rungtiwa Phookamsak, Itthayakorn Promputtha, Satinee Suetrong, Marc Stadler, Tingchi Wen, Nalin N. Wijayawardene

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

187 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sordariomycetes is one of the largest classes of Ascomycota that comprises a highly diverse range of fungi characterized mainly by perithecial ascomata and inoperculate unitunicate asci. The class includes many important plant pathogens, as well as endophytes, saprobes, epiphytes, coprophilous and fungicolous, lichenized or lichenicolous taxa. They occur in terrestrial, freshwater and marine habitats worldwide. This paper reviews the 107 families of the class Sordariomycetes and provides a modified backbone tree based on phylogenetic analysis of four combined loci, with a maximum five representative taxa from each family, where available. This paper brings together for the first time, since Barrs’ 1990 Prodromus, descriptions, notes on the history, and plates or illustrations of type or representative taxa of each family, a list of accepted genera, including asexual genera and a key to these taxa of Sordariomycetes. Delineation of taxa is supported where possible by molecular data. The outline is based on literature to the end of 2015 and the Sordariomycetes now comprises six subclasses, 32 orders, 105 families and 1331 genera. The family Obryzaceae and Pleurotremataceae are excluded from the class.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFungal Diversity
Volume79
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • Amplistromatales
  • Annulatascales
  • Boliniales
  • Calosphaeriales
  • Chaetosphaeriales
  • Coniochaetales
  • Conioscyphales
  • Cordanales
  • Coronophorales
  • Diaporthales
  • Falcocladiales
  • Glomerellales
  • Hypocreales
  • Jobellisiales
  • Koralionastetales
  • Lulworthiales
  • Magnaporthales
  • Melanosporales
  • Meliolales
  • Microascales
  • Ophiostomatales
  • Phyllachorales
  • Phylogeny
  • Pisorisporiales
  • Pleurotheciales
  • Savoryellales
  • Sordariales
  • Taxonomy
  • Tirisporellales
  • Togniniales
  • Torpedosporales
  • Trichosphaeriales
  • Trichosphaeriales
  • Type species
  • Xylariales

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science

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  • Cite this

    Maharachchikumbura, S. S. N., Hyde, K. D., Jones, E. B. G., McKenzie, E. H. C., Bhat, J. D., Dayarathne, M. C., Huang, S. K., Norphanphoun, C., Senanayake, I. C., Perera, R. H., Shang, Q. J., Xiao, Y., D’souza, M. J., Hongsanan, S., Jayawardena, R. S., Daranagama, D. A., Konta, S., Goonasekara, I. D., Zhuang, W. Y., ... Wijayawardene, N. N. (2016). Families of Sordariomycetes. Fungal Diversity, 79(1). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-016-0369-6