Factors influencing knowledge and practice regarding cervical cancer and pap smear testing among omani women

Nasar Alwahaibi, Waad Alsalami, Nasra Alramadhani, Atheer Alzaabi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Knowledge of cervical cancer and performance of Pap smear testing are influenced by several sociodemographic factors. This study aimed to describe the effect of relevant variables on knowledge and compliance with guidelines in Oman. Methods: In this cross-sectional survey, participants were divided into three groups: patients who attended Outpatient Gynecology Department, female medical staff and university graduate students. Results: There were 204 outpatients, 133 staff, and 157 students. Adequate knowledge among was seen in 38.7%, 35.3%, and 7.6%, respectively. Knowledge of cervical cancer and Pap smear was significantly lower among outpatients with secondary education, while those with high level of income were more likely to have adequate cancer knowledge. Uptake of Pap smear was significantly greater among outpatients aged ≥ 30 years, with high income and a positive history of cancer. Conclusion: Culturally tailored interventions that focus on improving cancer risk knowledge are needed to maximize screening uptake for cervical cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3367-3374
Number of pages8
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
Volume19
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Cervical cancer
  • Knowledge
  • Pap smear
  • Performance
  • Sociodemographic factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Cancer Research

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