Factors affecting the apricot quality for the consumer with special attention to the use of 1-MCP and of NDT for detection of bruising

F. Mencarelli, A. Bellincontro, R. Forniti, K. Vizovitis, C. DiNatale, R. Botondi, M. Valentini, P. Sequi, B. Basile, R. Romano

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The quality of apricots today is very poor due to the distribution system. The longer the distribution time, the worse is the quality. This is because apricots are harvested too early and kept at low temperature. In this paper, after giving an overview on current research into the post-harvest quality of apricots, we will report on the influence of 1-MCP in the control of ripening of apricots of van 'S. Castrese' and the potential for the use of the non-destructive technique (NDT) to monitor hidden bruising injuries. 1-MCP (1-methylcyclopropene) (1000 nl l-1) was applied for 20 hours at 20°C to apricots, which were then kept at 15°C. In parallel, 48-hour treatments with 100% N2 or 100% CO2 were performed; apricots were then maintained at 15°C in air. 1-MCP was able to reduce significantly ethylene production, while carbon dioxide had a residual effect on ethylene production and nitrogen did not control it at all. The effect of 1-MCP on ethylene was shown by a maintenance of the penetrometer firmness. The soluble solids content (SSC) was not affected by the treatments while titratable acidity (TA) diminished significantly in treated apricots, above all with nitrogen. The 1-MCP treatment performed to simulate the effect of alternating temperature during the IN-OUT of apricots in the cold room of the retail facility has shown that 1-MCP is not able to control the acceleration of ripening. Finally, the application of different NDTs to impacted apricots has shown the ability of MRI (magnetic resonance image) to identify the hidden injury soon after the impact, but the electronic nose and the Vis-NIR spectra images were able to differentiate injured and intact fruits also.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the XIIIth International Symposium on Apricot Breedin and Culture
Pages315-320
Number of pages6
Volume717
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2006

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume717
ISSN (Print)0567-7572

Fingerprint

bruising (plant)
1-methylcyclopropene
apricots
methodology
ethylene production
ripening
carbon dioxide
electronic nose
penetrometers
residual effects
nitrogen
storage quality
total soluble solids
titratable acidity
firmness
ethylene
temperature

Keywords

  • 1-MCP
  • Bruising
  • Electronic nose
  • Ethylene
  • NMR
  • Vis-NIR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

Cite this

Mencarelli, F., Bellincontro, A., Forniti, R., Vizovitis, K., DiNatale, C., Botondi, R., ... Romano, R. (2006). Factors affecting the apricot quality for the consumer with special attention to the use of 1-MCP and of NDT for detection of bruising. In Proceedings of the XIIIth International Symposium on Apricot Breedin and Culture (Vol. 717, pp. 315-320). (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 717).

Factors affecting the apricot quality for the consumer with special attention to the use of 1-MCP and of NDT for detection of bruising. / Mencarelli, F.; Bellincontro, A.; Forniti, R.; Vizovitis, K.; DiNatale, C.; Botondi, R.; Valentini, M.; Sequi, P.; Basile, B.; Romano, R.

Proceedings of the XIIIth International Symposium on Apricot Breedin and Culture. Vol. 717 2006. p. 315-320 (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 717).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Mencarelli, F, Bellincontro, A, Forniti, R, Vizovitis, K, DiNatale, C, Botondi, R, Valentini, M, Sequi, P, Basile, B & Romano, R 2006, Factors affecting the apricot quality for the consumer with special attention to the use of 1-MCP and of NDT for detection of bruising. in Proceedings of the XIIIth International Symposium on Apricot Breedin and Culture. vol. 717, Acta Horticulturae, vol. 717, pp. 315-320.
Mencarelli F, Bellincontro A, Forniti R, Vizovitis K, DiNatale C, Botondi R et al. Factors affecting the apricot quality for the consumer with special attention to the use of 1-MCP and of NDT for detection of bruising. In Proceedings of the XIIIth International Symposium on Apricot Breedin and Culture. Vol. 717. 2006. p. 315-320. (Acta Horticulturae).
Mencarelli, F. ; Bellincontro, A. ; Forniti, R. ; Vizovitis, K. ; DiNatale, C. ; Botondi, R. ; Valentini, M. ; Sequi, P. ; Basile, B. ; Romano, R. / Factors affecting the apricot quality for the consumer with special attention to the use of 1-MCP and of NDT for detection of bruising. Proceedings of the XIIIth International Symposium on Apricot Breedin and Culture. Vol. 717 2006. pp. 315-320 (Acta Horticulturae).
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