Fabrication and characterization of novel Fe0@Guar gum-crosslinked-soya lecithin nanocomposite hydrogel for photocatalytic degradation of methyl violet dye

Gaurav Sharma*, Amit Kumar, Shweta Sharma, Ala Al-Muhtaseb, Mu Naushad, Ayman A. Ghfar, Tansir Ahamad, Florian J. Stadler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Citations (Scopus)


Water pollution is the most threatening issue prevailing in our society these days. Methyl violet is released into the water resources through textile and paint industries. High dye concentration in water inhibits the photosynthesis process thus, affecting the aquatic life. In addition, it indirectly affects the human health also. So for photochemical exclusion of methyl violet from aqueous solution, we have designed zero valent iron @guar gum crosslinked soya lecithin nanocomposite hydrogel (Fe0@GG-cl-SY NCH), synthesized via ultrasonication method. Impregnation of zero valent iron (ZVI) onto the GG-cl-SY was characterized by various modern techniques such as FTIR, XRD, SEM, XPS, TEM and TGA. It was successfully utilized for the photodegradation of methyl violet from aqueous solution. Imprinting of ZVI onto GG-cl-SY and presence of H2O2 greatly enhanced the photodegradation of methyl violet. Neutral pH favoured the maximum methyl violet degradation. 81% degradation of methyl violet was observed within 120 min in the presence of H2O2 and Fe0@GG-cl-SY NCH. Scavenger study showed the reactive degradation species were the hydroxyl radicals which were further confirmed by ESR studies. LC-MS study showed the degradation of methyl violet into smaller fragments followed by complete mineralization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)895-908
Number of pages14
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Publication statusPublished - Mar 18 2019


  • Hydroxyl radicals
  • Methyl violet
  • Nanocomposite hydrogel
  • Photocatalytic degradation
  • Water pollution
  • Zero valent iron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation


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