Explicit breaking of SO(3) with Higgs fields in the representations ℓ = 2 and ℓ = 3

Mehmet Koca, Ramazan Koç, Hayriye Tütüncüler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)


A gauged SO(3) symmetry is broken into its little groups of the representations ℓ = 2 and ℓ = 3. Explicit Higgs potentials leading to the spontaneous symmetry breaking are constructed. The masses of the gauge bosons and Higgs particles are calculated in terms of the renormalizable potentials. Emergence of Goldstone bosons arising from the absence of certain potential terms is also discussed. Analogous structures between the cosmic strings and disclinations of liquid crystals are noted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4817-4827
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics A
Issue number26
Publication statusPublished - Oct 20 2003



  • Higgs mechanism
  • Symmetry breaking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this