Experimental study on bone health in drilling

Khurshid Alam, Ahmed Al-Ghaithi, Mushtaq Khan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Drilling in bone is a common surgical procedure routinely performed in orthopedics and dental surgeries for repair and fixation purposes. Measurement and control of bone temperature and drilling thrust force are critical to the outcome of the procedure. Excessive heat and large drilling force and torque produce in bone drilling process may cause physiological changes in the bone cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the extent of biological damage in the immediate vicinity of the drilling region. Temperature in bone drilling process was measured by varying drill speed. The effect of bone temperature on the extent of cells damage surrounding the drilling area was evaluated. Necrotic depth was measured for the range of temperatures obtained from drilling experiments. Elevated temperature in bone was found to have negative impact on the health of the bone. Result showed that minimum cell damage can be achieved by using lower drill speed in bone drilling operation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2019 9th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Technology, ICBET 2019
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages60-63
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781450361309
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 28 2019
Event9th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Technology, ICBET 2019 - Tokyo, Japan
Duration: Mar 28 2019Mar 30 2019

Publication series

NameACM International Conference Proceeding Series

Conference

Conference9th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Technology, ICBET 2019
CountryJapan
CityTokyo
Period3/28/193/30/19

Keywords

  • Bone drilling
  • Bone histology
  • Bone temperature
  • Drilling experiments
  • Orthopaedics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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