Experimental study of the effects of IFT and hysteresis on resistivity and capillary pressure of carbonate rocks

P. H. Ahmadzadeh, M. Masihi, A. Al-Ajmi, T. Al-Wahaibi, Y. Al-Wahaibi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Characterizing the electrical resistance of the formation rock is of great importance in, for example, interpreting the well log data, calculating the porosity, and water saturation for the formation rocks. The relation between the resistivity factor and porosity and also between the resistivity index and water saturation (Archie equation) in the formation rock uses the parameters, such as the cementation factor and saturation exponent. However, the direct application of Archie equation to carbonate rocks that are very heterogeneous and mostly oil-wet needs further investigation. In this experimental work, the effects of overburden pressure, temperature, and interfacial tension on the capillary pressure and resistivity characteristics during the imbibition and drainage processes are studied. The results showed a decrease of the saturation exponent when the rock changes from the oil-wet to the water-wet, during the primary drainage (e.g., from 5.6 to 2.29), imbibition (e.g., from 3.98 to 1.93), and the secondary drainage (e.g., from 4 to 2.04). As a result, this study improves understanding of the reservoir rock behavior especially when the enhanced oil recovery processes are studied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1346-1353
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects
Volume37
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 18 2015

Fingerprint

Capillarity
Hysteresis
Carbonates
Rocks
Drainage
Porosity
Water
Acoustic impedance
Surface tension
Recovery
Oils

Keywords

  • Capillary pressure
  • carbonate rock
  • cementation factor
  • resistivity index
  • saturation exponent
  • wettability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

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abstract = "Characterizing the electrical resistance of the formation rock is of great importance in, for example, interpreting the well log data, calculating the porosity, and water saturation for the formation rocks. The relation between the resistivity factor and porosity and also between the resistivity index and water saturation (Archie equation) in the formation rock uses the parameters, such as the cementation factor and saturation exponent. However, the direct application of Archie equation to carbonate rocks that are very heterogeneous and mostly oil-wet needs further investigation. In this experimental work, the effects of overburden pressure, temperature, and interfacial tension on the capillary pressure and resistivity characteristics during the imbibition and drainage processes are studied. The results showed a decrease of the saturation exponent when the rock changes from the oil-wet to the water-wet, during the primary drainage (e.g., from 5.6 to 2.29), imbibition (e.g., from 3.98 to 1.93), and the secondary drainage (e.g., from 4 to 2.04). As a result, this study improves understanding of the reservoir rock behavior especially when the enhanced oil recovery processes are studied.",
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AU - Masihi, M.

AU - Al-Ajmi, A.

AU - Al-Wahaibi, T.

AU - Al-Wahaibi, Y.

PY - 2015/6/18

Y1 - 2015/6/18

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AB - Characterizing the electrical resistance of the formation rock is of great importance in, for example, interpreting the well log data, calculating the porosity, and water saturation for the formation rocks. The relation between the resistivity factor and porosity and also between the resistivity index and water saturation (Archie equation) in the formation rock uses the parameters, such as the cementation factor and saturation exponent. However, the direct application of Archie equation to carbonate rocks that are very heterogeneous and mostly oil-wet needs further investigation. In this experimental work, the effects of overburden pressure, temperature, and interfacial tension on the capillary pressure and resistivity characteristics during the imbibition and drainage processes are studied. The results showed a decrease of the saturation exponent when the rock changes from the oil-wet to the water-wet, during the primary drainage (e.g., from 5.6 to 2.29), imbibition (e.g., from 3.98 to 1.93), and the secondary drainage (e.g., from 4 to 2.04). As a result, this study improves understanding of the reservoir rock behavior especially when the enhanced oil recovery processes are studied.

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