Experience of intravitreal injections in a tertiary Hospital in Oman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: To find out statistical data regarding intravitreal injections in an outpatient department setup at a tertiary center in Oman. Design: Retrospective chart review. Methods: Data collection of patients who underwent intravitreal injections from November 2009 to May 2013 at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital. Results: Throughout a period of 42 months, a total of 711 intravitreal injections were performed. That included 214 patients (275 eyes). Around one-third of the eyes received two injections or more. The injected agents were bevacizumab (59.8%), ranibizumab (32.3%), triamcinolone (7.5%), and very few patients with endophthalmitis received intravitreal antibiotics and antifungal agents. The three most common indications for the injection therapy were diabetic macular edema (50.9%), choroidal neovascularization (24.3%), and retinal vein occlusive diseases (11.5%). Serious adverse events were rare, and they occurred as ocular (0.9% per patient) and systemic (3.3% per patient). There were 42 eyes received intravitreal triamcinolone, and 24% of them developed intraocular hypertension that required only medical treatment. Conclusion: Different intravitreal agents are currently used to treat many ocular diseases. Currently, therapy with intravitreal agents is very popular, and it carries a promising outcome with more efficiency and safety.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-170
Number of pages5
JournalOman Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2015

Keywords

  • Antivascular endothelial growth factors
  • choroidal neovascularization
  • diabetic macular edema
  • intravitreal
  • Oman
  • retina
  • retinal vascular occlusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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