Exercise-Induced Rhabdomyolysis: A Case Report and Literature Review

Amira Al Badi, Sara Al Rasbi, Abdullah M Alalawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A 19-year-old man presented to the ED with bilateral leg pain and dark discoloration of the urine after he started an intense aerobic exercise. Blood workup showed significantly elevated creatine kinase (CK), acute kidney injury (AKI), and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). The patient had a double-incision, bilateral fasciotomy with debridement to relieve the bilateral, lower-limb, compartment syndrome following admission. Also, his kidney function deteriorated, requiring several sessions of hemodialysis. His hospital stay was complicated by multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii bacteremia. After three weeks of hospital admission, the patient was discharged home with a follow-up outpatient physiotherapy for bilateral foot drop, which showed a remarkable recovery eventually. This case highlights the potentially life-threatening risks associated with unaccustomed physical exercise and emphasizing the essential preventive measures to reduce the risk of developing exercise-induced rhabdomyolysis. We present the pathophysiology of exercise-induced rhabdomyolysis, clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e10037
JournalCureus
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 26 2020

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