Evaluation of the Memory Communication Traffic in a Hierarchical Cache Model for Massively-Manycore Processors

Sharifa Al Khanjari, Wim Vanderbauwhede

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The scaling of semiconductor technologies is leading to processors with increasing numbers of cores. A key enabler in manycore systems is the use of Networks-on-Chip (NoC) as a global communication mechanism. The adoption of NoCs in manycore systems requires a shift in focus from computation to communication, as communication is fast becoming the dominant factor in processor performance. Many researchers have focused on direct communication between cores in the NoC, however in a manycore processor the communication is actually between the cores and the memory hierarchy. In this work, we investigate the memory communication traffic of shared threads in a hierarchical cache architecture. We argue that the performance scalability for shared-memory applications in a hierarchical cache architecture for systems with thousands of processor cores depends on the distance between threads sharing memory in terms of the cache hierarchy (the «memory distance»). We present latency and throughput results comparing fat quadtree, concentrated mesh and mesh topologies as a function of the «memory distance» between the threads. Our results using the ITRS physical data for 2023 show that the model of thread placement and the distance of placing them significantly affects the NoC performance, and that scale-invariant topologies perform better than flat topologies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 24th Euromicro International Conference on Parallel, Distributed, and Network-Based Processing, PDP 2016
EditorsYiannis Cotronis, Masoud Daneshtalab, George Angelos Papadopoulos
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages726-733
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781467387750
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 31 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event24th Euromicro International Conference on Parallel, Distributed, and Network-Based Processing, PDP 2016 - Heraklion, Crete, Greece
Duration: Feb 17 2016Feb 19 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings - 24th Euromicro International Conference on Parallel, Distributed, and Network-Based Processing, PDP 2016

Conference

Conference24th Euromicro International Conference on Parallel, Distributed, and Network-Based Processing, PDP 2016
Country/TerritoryGreece
CityHeraklion, Crete
Period2/17/162/19/16

Keywords

  • Manycore
  • Network on Chip
  • Quadtree
  • Shared-Memory Architecture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Software
  • Control and Optimization

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