Epidemiology of stone disease in Pakistan

Amanullah Memon, Farhat Abbas, M. Hammad Ather, Syed Raziuddin Biyabani, Khurram Mutahir Siddiqui, Jamsheer J. Talati, Wajahat Aziz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Urinary tract stones are a common af fl iction across river, desert, and mountainous regions of Pakistan. A third of the stones have a single component. The commonest stone is composed of oxalate, with phosphate and uric acid as additional components. Calcium oxalate monohydrate is more abundantly present than the dihydrate. Phosphate stones comprise only about 7 % of all stones, and struvite is uncommon. Populations in the north have a greater proportion of pure and predominantly oxalate stones. Rural areas in the south have phosphate stones. The government of British India documented the frequent occurrence of stone in this region from the nineteenth century. The commonest stone was vesical. Noted stone transitions include (1) the marked increase in the discovery of renal stones, (2) the disappearance (except in pockets) of the idiopathic adult vesical stone, and (3) the decrease in children in the proportions of stones that are vesical. Late presentation for treatment and consequent renal destruction are still frequent.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUrolithiasis
Subtitle of host publicationBasic Science and Clinical Practice
PublisherSpringer-Verlag London Ltd
Pages21-38
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9781447143871
ISBN (Print)9781447143833
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2012

Fingerprint

Pakistan
Epidemiology
Oxalates
Phosphates
Urinary Bladder
Urinary Bladder Calculi
Kidney
Calcium Oxalate
Urinary Calculi
Uric Acid
Rivers
India
Population
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Age-related stone formation
  • Calcium oxalate stones
  • Calcium phosphate stones
  • Cystine stones
  • Geographical variation
  • Incidence
  • Infection stones
  • Oxalates
  • Pediatric stones
  • Practice patterns
  • Prevalence
  • Recurrence
  • Staghorn stones
  • Stone composition
  • Stone site
  • Urates
  • Uric acid stones
  • Urinary stones
  • Urine composition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Memon, A., Abbas, F., Ather, M. H., Biyabani, S. R., Siddiqui, K. M., Talati, J. J., & Aziz, W. (2012). Epidemiology of stone disease in Pakistan. In Urolithiasis: Basic Science and Clinical Practice (pp. 21-38). Springer-Verlag London Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-4387-1_3

Epidemiology of stone disease in Pakistan. / Memon, Amanullah; Abbas, Farhat; Ather, M. Hammad; Biyabani, Syed Raziuddin; Siddiqui, Khurram Mutahir; Talati, Jamsheer J.; Aziz, Wajahat.

Urolithiasis: Basic Science and Clinical Practice. Springer-Verlag London Ltd, 2012. p. 21-38.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Memon, A, Abbas, F, Ather, MH, Biyabani, SR, Siddiqui, KM, Talati, JJ & Aziz, W 2012, Epidemiology of stone disease in Pakistan. in Urolithiasis: Basic Science and Clinical Practice. Springer-Verlag London Ltd, pp. 21-38. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-4387-1_3
Memon A, Abbas F, Ather MH, Biyabani SR, Siddiqui KM, Talati JJ et al. Epidemiology of stone disease in Pakistan. In Urolithiasis: Basic Science and Clinical Practice. Springer-Verlag London Ltd. 2012. p. 21-38 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-4387-1_3
Memon, Amanullah ; Abbas, Farhat ; Ather, M. Hammad ; Biyabani, Syed Raziuddin ; Siddiqui, Khurram Mutahir ; Talati, Jamsheer J. ; Aziz, Wajahat. / Epidemiology of stone disease in Pakistan. Urolithiasis: Basic Science and Clinical Practice. Springer-Verlag London Ltd, 2012. pp. 21-38
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