Epidemiology of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative pathogens isolated from ventilator-associated pneumonia in ICU patients

Richa Gupta*, Abida Malik, Meher Rizvi, Moied Ahmed, Anuradha Singh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives Antibiotic resistance among Gram-negative pathogens isolated from ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) poses a grave threat in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of pathogens in ICU patients and their drug resistance profile. The prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs), AmpC β-lactamases and metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs) was also assessed. Methods Tracheal aspirates were collected aseptically from 87 ICU patients between May 2012 and January 2014. Cultured isolates were identified by standard microbiological techniques. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines. ESBLs and AmpC β-lactamases were detected both phenotypically and genotypically; MBLs were detected phenotypically. Results A total of 77 isolate were cultured. Gram-negative bacteria comprised 68 (88.3%) of the total isolates, among which 49 (72.1%) were multidrug-resistant (MDR). Gram-positive organisms comprised four (5.2%) of the total isolates and all four (100%) were MDR. Aspergillus fumigatus (6.4%) was the only fungal pathogen identified. Conclusions Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the predominant pathogen associated with VAP. The rising trend of antibiotic resistance in Gram-negative organisms is alarming. Regular monitoring of the pattern of resistance in ICUs is critical in effective management of VAP patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-50
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bacterial pathogens
  • ICU patients
  • Multidrug-resistant
  • VAP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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