Enhanced-gain microstrip antenna using engineered magnetic superstrates

Hussein Attia*, Leila Yousefi, Mohammed M. Bait-Suwailam, Muhammed S. Boybay, Omar M. Ramahi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

111 Citations (Scopus)


This letter presents a novel engineered magnetic superstrate designed to enhance the gain and efficiency of a microstrip patch antenna without any substantial increase in the profile of the whole structure (the antenna with the superstrate). The modified split ring resonator (MSRR) inclusions are used in the design of the engineered magnetic superstrate. Numerical full-wave simulations as well as analytical models are used to analyze the entire radiating system. Considering as an example a microstrip antenna operating within the UMTS band, the broadside gain of the antenna was improved by 3.4 dB and the efficiency was improved by 17% when using the engineered superstrate. The total height of the proposed structure, antenna with superstrate, is λ 0/7, where λ 0 is the free-space wavelength at the resonance frequency of the antenna.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5299020
Pages (from-to)1198-1201
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Engineered magnetic materials
  • Engineered superstrate
  • Metamaterials
  • Microstrip antenna
  • Modified split ring resonator (MSRR)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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