Emotional and behavioural difficulties in children referred for learning disabilities from two Arab countries: A cross-cultural examination of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire

Mogeda El-Keshky, Mahmoud Emam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is a widely used child mental health questionnaire with five hypothesized subscales. There is theoretical and preliminary empirical support for combining the SDQ's hypothesized emotional and peer subscales into an 'internalizing' subscale and the hypothesized behavioural and hyperactivity subscales into an 'externalizing' subscale (alongside the fifth prosocial subscale). We examined both structures using the teacher informant version data from two Arab countries, namely Saudi Arabia (323) and Oman (439). Multigroup CFAs based on structural equation modelling revealed culture invariance for the SDQ. The three-factor model showed a better description of the SDQ structure. The analysis also revealed gender invariance for the SDQ three and five factor models in both the Omani and Saudi samples. There were gender differences in all the three and five factors between the Saudi and Omani samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-469
Number of pages11
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

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Keywords

  • A cross-cultural examination
  • Emotional and behavioural difficulties
  • Factorial structure
  • Learning disabilities
  • The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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