Electroclinic effect in low molar mass organosiloxane liquid crystals

C. Carboni, R. Mehdi, A. K. George, S. H. Al-Harthi, J. Naciri

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Monomesogen low molar mass organosiloxane liquid-crystal molecules consist of a single mesogenic moiety attached via an alkyl chain to a short siloxane moiety. When the material is cooled from the isotropic phase, the siloxane moieties micro-separate from the mesogenic moieties and aggregate in planes that acts as an effective polymer backbone. The material is therefore in a smectic phase with alternating siloxane-rich layers and mesogen-rich layers. With a suitable design of the mesogenic moiety one can achieve a certain degree of decoupling between the mesogenic-rich layers. Such materials can be expected to display de Vries smectic A phases. In this paper we present monomesogen low molar mass organosiloxane liquid-crystal materials that display a wide temperature range de Vries smectic A* phase. The field dependence of the electric field-induced tilt of the optic axis and the field dependence of the birefringence have been measured at several temperatures. One of the materials displays a transition from de Vries smectic A* to smectic C* at low temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals
Volume410
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Fingerprint

Liquid Crystals
Molar mass
siloxanes
Liquid crystals
Siloxanes
liquid crystals
decoupling
birefringence
optics
Birefringence
temperature
electric fields
Temperature
polymers
Optics
Polymers
Electric fields
molecules
Molecules

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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abstract = "Monomesogen low molar mass organosiloxane liquid-crystal molecules consist of a single mesogenic moiety attached via an alkyl chain to a short siloxane moiety. When the material is cooled from the isotropic phase, the siloxane moieties micro-separate from the mesogenic moieties and aggregate in planes that acts as an effective polymer backbone. The material is therefore in a smectic phase with alternating siloxane-rich layers and mesogen-rich layers. With a suitable design of the mesogenic moiety one can achieve a certain degree of decoupling between the mesogenic-rich layers. Such materials can be expected to display de Vries smectic A phases. In this paper we present monomesogen low molar mass organosiloxane liquid-crystal materials that display a wide temperature range de Vries smectic A* phase. The field dependence of the electric field-induced tilt of the optic axis and the field dependence of the birefringence have been measured at several temperatures. One of the materials displays a transition from de Vries smectic A* to smectic C* at low temperatures.",
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AU - Carboni, C.

AU - Mehdi, R.

AU - George, A. K.

AU - Al-Harthi, S. H.

AU - Naciri, J.

PY - 2004

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N2 - Monomesogen low molar mass organosiloxane liquid-crystal molecules consist of a single mesogenic moiety attached via an alkyl chain to a short siloxane moiety. When the material is cooled from the isotropic phase, the siloxane moieties micro-separate from the mesogenic moieties and aggregate in planes that acts as an effective polymer backbone. The material is therefore in a smectic phase with alternating siloxane-rich layers and mesogen-rich layers. With a suitable design of the mesogenic moiety one can achieve a certain degree of decoupling between the mesogenic-rich layers. Such materials can be expected to display de Vries smectic A phases. In this paper we present monomesogen low molar mass organosiloxane liquid-crystal materials that display a wide temperature range de Vries smectic A* phase. The field dependence of the electric field-induced tilt of the optic axis and the field dependence of the birefringence have been measured at several temperatures. One of the materials displays a transition from de Vries smectic A* to smectic C* at low temperatures.

AB - Monomesogen low molar mass organosiloxane liquid-crystal molecules consist of a single mesogenic moiety attached via an alkyl chain to a short siloxane moiety. When the material is cooled from the isotropic phase, the siloxane moieties micro-separate from the mesogenic moieties and aggregate in planes that acts as an effective polymer backbone. The material is therefore in a smectic phase with alternating siloxane-rich layers and mesogen-rich layers. With a suitable design of the mesogenic moiety one can achieve a certain degree of decoupling between the mesogenic-rich layers. Such materials can be expected to display de Vries smectic A phases. In this paper we present monomesogen low molar mass organosiloxane liquid-crystal materials that display a wide temperature range de Vries smectic A* phase. The field dependence of the electric field-induced tilt of the optic axis and the field dependence of the birefringence have been measured at several temperatures. One of the materials displays a transition from de Vries smectic A* to smectic C* at low temperatures.

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