Electrochemical studies of dopamine under stagnant and convective conditions at a sensor based on gold nanoparticles hosted in poly(triaminopyrimidine)

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Abstract

The catalytic activity of surface materials composed of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) hosted in poly(triaminopyrimidine) (PTAP) towards dopamine (DA) oxidation was studied under static and hydrodynamic conditions. The hybrid composition of the electrode surface (AuNPs·PTAP) shows a pronounced electron transfer capacity estimated from the application of Nicholson model. The electrochemical behavior of dopamine (DA) is diagnosed by the development of reversible peak currents characteristic for the transfer of two electrons. The apparent diffusion coefficient (DDA app) and the heterogeneous rate constant (ks) for DA oxidation were estimated using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and chronoamperometry (CA) based on well-known relevant electrochemical theories. The DDA app is found to vary significantly with DA concentrations, [DA], and attain a maximum value of 8.65 × 10− 5 cm2 s− 1 at 60 μM [DA]. A remarkable value of ks was obtained at low [DA] and approached a steady value of 4.25 × 10− 2 cm s− 1 above 50 μM [DA]. The estimated thermodynamic and kinetic parameters of DA were compared concurrently with the reported values for possible validation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)206-212
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Volume776
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2016

Keywords

  • 2,4,6-Triaminopyrmidine
  • Dopamine
  • Gold nanoparticles
  • Kinetic and thermodynamic studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry

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