Effects of second-order slip and magnetic field on mixed convection stagnation-point flow of a maxwellian fluid: Multiple solutions

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In this paper, we investigate the effects of second-order slip and magnetic field on the nonlinear mixed convection stagnation-point flow toward a vertical permeable stretching/shrinking sheet in an upper convected Maxwell (UCM) fluid with variable surface temperature. Numerical results are obtained using the bvp4c function from matlab for the reduced skin-friction coefficient, the rate of heat transfer, the velocity, and the temperature profiles. The results indicate that multiple (dual) solutions exist for a buoyancy opposing flow for certain values of the parameter space irrespective to the types of surfaces whether it is stretched or shrinked. It is found that an applied magnetic field compensates the suction velocity for the existence of the dual solutions. Depending on the parametric conditions; elastic parameter, magnetic field parameter, first- and second-order slip parameters significantly controls the flow and heat transfer characteristics. The illustrated streamlines show that for upper branch solutions, the effects of stretching and suction are direct and obvious as the flow near the surface is seen to suck through the permeable sheet and drag away from the origin of the sheet. However, aligned but reverse flow occurs for the case of lower branch solutions when the mixed convection effect is less significant.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122503
JournalJournal of Heat Transfer
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016



  • convection
  • dual solution
  • magnetic field
  • Maxwell fluid
  • second-order slip
  • stagnation-point flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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