Effects of pesticide temephos on the gills of Aphanius dispar (Pisces

Cyprinodontidae)

T. A. Ba-Omar, S. Al-Jardani, R. Victor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The changes in the behavior of Aphanius dispar, a cyprinodont fish when exposed to different concentrations of temephos, an organophosphorus pesticide widely used to control mosquito larvae in aquatic habitats are noted. The histopathology of gills exposed to temephos is studied in detail using light microscopy (LM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The gill lesions were seen in all exposed concentrations of 1, 5, 10 and 25. ppm and the magnitude of the damage increased with the increase in concentrations. The most adverse effects of temephos are the destruction of cartilage and the large-scale cell death. Other effects included the degradation of chloride cells (CCs), desquamation, epithelial lifting, hypertrophy and lamellar fusion. The histological changes of microridges did not follow a consistent pattern in exposed concentrations. However, lamellar curling and collapsing was common in all exposed fish.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-38
Number of pages10
JournalTissue and Cell
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

Fingerprint

Killifishes
Temefos
Pesticides
Fishes
Mosquito Control
Transmission Electron Microscopy
Electron Scanning Microscopy
Hypertrophy
Cartilage
Ecosystem
Larva
Chlorides
Microscopy
Cell Death
Epithelial Cells
Light

Keywords

  • Aphanius dispar
  • Chloride cells
  • Gills
  • Pavement cells
  • SEM
  • TEM
  • Temephos

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology

Cite this

Effects of pesticide temephos on the gills of Aphanius dispar (Pisces : Cyprinodontidae). / Ba-Omar, T. A.; Al-Jardani, S.; Victor, R.

In: Tissue and Cell, Vol. 43, No. 1, 02.2011, p. 29-38.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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