Effects of boundary conditions in laminated composite plates using higher order shear deformation theory

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Abstract

This paper extends the applicability of a modified higher order shear deformation theory to accurately determine the in-plane and transverse shear stress distributions in an orthotropic laminated composite plate subjected to different boundary conditions. A simpler, two-dimensional, shear deformable, plate theory accompanied with an appropriate set of through-thickness variations, is used to accurately predict transverse shear stresses. A finite element code was developed based on a higher order shear deformation theory to study the effects of boundary conditions on the behavior of thin-to-thick anisotropic laminated composite plates. The code was verified against three dimensional elasticity results. The study also compared the stresses and deformation results of higher order theory with those obtained using commercial software such as LUSAS, ANSYS and ALGOR. The commercial software are heavily used by designers to design various components/products made of composites. Various combinations of fixed, clamped and simply supported boundary conditions were used to verify a large class of anticipated applications. Results obtained from software are in good agreement for some cases and significantly differ for others. It was found that LUSAS and ANSYS yield better results for transverse deflection and in-plane stresses. But for transverse shear stresses, it is highly dependent on boundary conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-514
Number of pages16
JournalApplied Composite Materials
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010

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Laminated composites
Shear deformation
Boundary conditions
Shear stress
Stress concentration
Elasticity
Composite materials

Keywords

  • Boundary condition
  • Comparative study
  • Finite element analysis
  • Higher order shear deformation theory
  • Laminated composite plates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

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title = "Effects of boundary conditions in laminated composite plates using higher order shear deformation theory",
abstract = "This paper extends the applicability of a modified higher order shear deformation theory to accurately determine the in-plane and transverse shear stress distributions in an orthotropic laminated composite plate subjected to different boundary conditions. A simpler, two-dimensional, shear deformable, plate theory accompanied with an appropriate set of through-thickness variations, is used to accurately predict transverse shear stresses. A finite element code was developed based on a higher order shear deformation theory to study the effects of boundary conditions on the behavior of thin-to-thick anisotropic laminated composite plates. The code was verified against three dimensional elasticity results. The study also compared the stresses and deformation results of higher order theory with those obtained using commercial software such as LUSAS, ANSYS and ALGOR. The commercial software are heavily used by designers to design various components/products made of composites. Various combinations of fixed, clamped and simply supported boundary conditions were used to verify a large class of anticipated applications. Results obtained from software are in good agreement for some cases and significantly differ for others. It was found that LUSAS and ANSYS yield better results for transverse deflection and in-plane stresses. But for transverse shear stresses, it is highly dependent on boundary conditions.",
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AB - This paper extends the applicability of a modified higher order shear deformation theory to accurately determine the in-plane and transverse shear stress distributions in an orthotropic laminated composite plate subjected to different boundary conditions. A simpler, two-dimensional, shear deformable, plate theory accompanied with an appropriate set of through-thickness variations, is used to accurately predict transverse shear stresses. A finite element code was developed based on a higher order shear deformation theory to study the effects of boundary conditions on the behavior of thin-to-thick anisotropic laminated composite plates. The code was verified against three dimensional elasticity results. The study also compared the stresses and deformation results of higher order theory with those obtained using commercial software such as LUSAS, ANSYS and ALGOR. The commercial software are heavily used by designers to design various components/products made of composites. Various combinations of fixed, clamped and simply supported boundary conditions were used to verify a large class of anticipated applications. Results obtained from software are in good agreement for some cases and significantly differ for others. It was found that LUSAS and ANSYS yield better results for transverse deflection and in-plane stresses. But for transverse shear stresses, it is highly dependent on boundary conditions.

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