Effectiveness of a 12-week yoga program on physiopsychological parameters in patients with hypertension

T. Sujatha, A. Judie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Hypertension is a major a chronic lifestyle disease affecting one in three adults over 25 years or about one billion, thereby resulting in cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and renal complications. In addition, it is an important contributor for increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in industrialized countries. Reports suggest that hypertension is rapidly increasing in the developing countries like India. Although medical management is effective in treating hypertension, owing to the side effects, alternative therapy such as Yoga practice is recommended. However, evidences on the efficacy of yoga practice in patients with hypertension are insufficient and further research is required. Objective: The study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a 12-week Yoga program on physio-psychological parameters in patients with hypertension. Methods: Of 238 patients, 118 were randomly assigned to participate in yoga program (YP) group and 120 to the control group (CG) with no treatment. Parameters such as blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), body mass index (BMI), anxiety, and perceived stress were measured before and after intervention. Results: The groups were initially homogeneous; however, after intervention, the groups significantly differed. The YP group exhibited reduced BP, HR, BMI, anxiety, and perceived stress (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Our study suggests a 12-week yoga program may offer an effective intervention in reducing BP, HR, BMI, anxiety and perceived stress in patients with hypertension. Practicing Yogaasanas at home are helpful to avoid increased BP-related complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-335
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Volume6
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Yoga
Hypertension
Blood Pressure
Body Mass Index
Anxiety
Heart Rate
Complementary Therapies
Developed Countries
Developing Countries
Life Style
India
Chronic Disease
Psychology
Morbidity
Kidney
Control Groups
Mortality
Research

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Blood pressure
  • Body mass index
  • Heart rate
  • Hypertension
  • Stress
  • Yoga

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

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abstract = "Background: Hypertension is a major a chronic lifestyle disease affecting one in three adults over 25 years or about one billion, thereby resulting in cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and renal complications. In addition, it is an important contributor for increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in industrialized countries. Reports suggest that hypertension is rapidly increasing in the developing countries like India. Although medical management is effective in treating hypertension, owing to the side effects, alternative therapy such as Yoga practice is recommended. However, evidences on the efficacy of yoga practice in patients with hypertension are insufficient and further research is required. Objective: The study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a 12-week Yoga program on physio-psychological parameters in patients with hypertension. Methods: Of 238 patients, 118 were randomly assigned to participate in yoga program (YP) group and 120 to the control group (CG) with no treatment. Parameters such as blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), body mass index (BMI), anxiety, and perceived stress were measured before and after intervention. Results: The groups were initially homogeneous; however, after intervention, the groups significantly differed. The YP group exhibited reduced BP, HR, BMI, anxiety, and perceived stress (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Our study suggests a 12-week yoga program may offer an effective intervention in reducing BP, HR, BMI, anxiety and perceived stress in patients with hypertension. Practicing Yogaasanas at home are helpful to avoid increased BP-related complications.",
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AB - Background: Hypertension is a major a chronic lifestyle disease affecting one in three adults over 25 years or about one billion, thereby resulting in cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and renal complications. In addition, it is an important contributor for increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in industrialized countries. Reports suggest that hypertension is rapidly increasing in the developing countries like India. Although medical management is effective in treating hypertension, owing to the side effects, alternative therapy such as Yoga practice is recommended. However, evidences on the efficacy of yoga practice in patients with hypertension are insufficient and further research is required. Objective: The study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a 12-week Yoga program on physio-psychological parameters in patients with hypertension. Methods: Of 238 patients, 118 were randomly assigned to participate in yoga program (YP) group and 120 to the control group (CG) with no treatment. Parameters such as blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), body mass index (BMI), anxiety, and perceived stress were measured before and after intervention. Results: The groups were initially homogeneous; however, after intervention, the groups significantly differed. The YP group exhibited reduced BP, HR, BMI, anxiety, and perceived stress (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Our study suggests a 12-week yoga program may offer an effective intervention in reducing BP, HR, BMI, anxiety and perceived stress in patients with hypertension. Practicing Yogaasanas at home are helpful to avoid increased BP-related complications.

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