Effective and fast adsorptive removal of toxic cationic dye (MB) from aqueous medium using amino-functionalized magnetic multiwall carbon nanotubes

Tansir Ahamad, Mu Naushad, Gaber E. Eldesoky, Sameerah I. Al-Saeedi, Ayman Nafady, Nada S. Al-Kadhi, Ala Al-Muhtaseb, Azmat Ali Khan, Aslam Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Amino functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (NH 2 -MWCNTs) were prepared via chemical modification of the surface of multiwall carbon nanotubes. The magnetic nanoparticles (Fe 3 O 4 ) were embedded with NH 2 -MWCNTs and the developed magnetic carbon nanotube (NH 2 -MWCNTs@Fe 3 O 4 ) were characterized via several analytical techniques including FT-IR, Raman, XRD, TEM, SAED, SEM, BET and VSM. The fabricated NH 2 -MWCNTs@Fe 3 O 4 was used for the removal of toxic methylene blue dye (MB) from aqueous medium. The results of VSM indicated that the fabricated NH 2 -MWCNTs@Fe 3 O 4 had magnetic nature and the saturated magnetization was 37.91 emu/g. The effect of initial solution pH, temperature and contact time on MB adsorption was also investigated. The results of adsorption kinetics exhibited that the adsorption followed the linear pseudo-second-kinetic model well. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models were applied to understand the adsorption behaviors. The maximum adsorption capacity from the Langmuir isotherm equation reached 178.5 mg g −1 indicated that it was a good adsorbent for MB removal. The thermodynamics parameters such as Gibbs free energy (ΔG 0 ), enthalpy (ΔH 0 ) and entropy (ΔS 0 ), supported the spontaneous and exothermic nature of adsorption. It was noted that after six repetitive cycles, the adsorption capacity of NH 2 -MWCNTs@Fe 3 O 4 was 80% of the original value. Hence, it can be concluded that NH 2 -MWCNTs@Fe 3 O 4 had substantial reusability which made it an economical adsorbent for MB removal from aqueous medium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)154-161
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Molecular Liquids
Volume282
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 15 2019

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Amino functionalized
  • MB dye
  • Multi-walled carbon nanotubes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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