Aim: Bioceramic root canal sealers like BioRoot RCS have received significant attention for use in endodontics. The addition of a nanophase material like multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and titanium carbide (TC) to its matrix combined with pressureless sintering might have the potential for improved physiochemical, microstructure, and compressive strength properties. Method: ology: MWCNTs and TC nanomaterials were added at a percentage of 1 wt% to a definite weight of pristine BioRoot RCS. Two composites were prepared by ball milling followed by pressureless sintering in static nitrogen at temperatures 600 °C and 800 °C. The setting time, solubility, pH, compressive strength, and density were determined and compared to pristine BioRoot RCS. The microstructural properties of the composites were investigated by XRD, FTIR, Raman spectroscopy, and SEM. Results: The final setting time before and after sintering at 600 °C of the composites was accelerated compared to Bioroot RCS (p = 0.016). The solubility of Bioroot/TC sintered at 600 °C was the lowest (p = 0.07) and its compressive strength was the highest among the sintered samples (p = 0.01). The incorporation of MWCNTs and TC had a significant increase in the compressive strength of Bioroot RCS (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The obtained results support the addition of nanomaterials to Bioroot RCS and the use of pressureless sintering.
|Journal||Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2021|
- Compressive strength
- Root canal sealer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering
- Mechanics of Materials