The effect of treatment with the medicinal plant Rhazya stricta Decne, on monoamine oxidase (MAO) and cholinesterase activity, and on the concentration of brain biogenic amines was studied in rats. R. stricta extract, at doses of 0.2 and 0.5 g kg-1, significantly (P < 0.05-0.01) increased the hepatic and cerebral activity of MAO by 36-127%. The higher doses used (2.0 and 8.0 g kg-1) produced smaller (10-26%) and statistically insignificant increases in MAO activity in liver and brain. Cholinesterase activity in blood, liver and brain was not significantly influenced by treatment with R. stricta. The concentrations of the measured biogenic amines (noradrenaline, adrenaline, 5-hydroxytryptamine and dopamine) were significantly lowered in rats treated with R. stricta. The observed increase in MAO activity may be responsible for the lowered biogenic amines levels and may, in part, be responsible for the pharmacological effects of R. stricta extract in rats.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science