Effect of Gum Arabic on Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Adenine-Induced Chronic Renal Failure in Rats

Badreldin H. Ali, Isehaq Al-Husseni, Sumyia Beegam, Ahmed Al-Shukaili, Abderrahim Nemmar, Simone Schierling, Nina Queisser, Nicole Schupp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inflammation and oxidative stress are known to be involved in the pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease in humans, and in chronic renal failure (CRF) in rats. The aim of this work was to study the role of inflammation and oxidative stress in adenine-induced CRF and the effect thereon of the purported nephroprotective agent gum arabic (GA). Rats were divided into four groups and treated for 4 weeks as follows: control, adenine in feed (0.75%, w/w), GA in drinking water (15%, w/v) and adenine+GA, as before. Urine, blood and kidneys were collected from the rats at the end of the treatment for analysis of conventional renal function tests (plasma creatinine and urea concentration). In addition, the concentrations of the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-α and the oxidative stress markers glutathione and superoxide dismutase, renal apoptosis, superoxide formation and DNA double strand break frequency, detected by immunohistochemistry for γ-H2AX, were measured. Adenine significantly increased the concentrations of urea and creatinine in plasma, significantly decreased the creatinine clearance and induced significant increases in the concentration of the measured inflammatory mediators. Further, it caused oxidative stress and DNA damage. Treatment with GA significantly ameliorated these actions. The mechanism of the reported salutary effect of GA in adenine-induced CRF is associated with mitigation of the adenine-induced inflammation and generation of free radicals.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere55242
JournalPLoS One
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2013

Fingerprint

Gum Arabic
Oxidative stress
gum arabic
Adenine
renal failure
adenine
Chronic Kidney Failure
Rats
Oxidative Stress
oxidative stress
inflammation
Inflammation
rats
creatinine
Creatinine
Kidney
Urea
urea
kidneys
Plasmas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Ali, B. H., Al-Husseni, I., Beegam, S., Al-Shukaili, A., Nemmar, A., Schierling, S., ... Schupp, N. (2013). Effect of Gum Arabic on Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Adenine-Induced Chronic Renal Failure in Rats. PLoS One, 8(2), [e55242]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055242

Effect of Gum Arabic on Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Adenine-Induced Chronic Renal Failure in Rats. / Ali, Badreldin H.; Al-Husseni, Isehaq; Beegam, Sumyia; Al-Shukaili, Ahmed; Nemmar, Abderrahim; Schierling, Simone; Queisser, Nina; Schupp, Nicole.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 8, No. 2, e55242, 01.02.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ali, BH, Al-Husseni, I, Beegam, S, Al-Shukaili, A, Nemmar, A, Schierling, S, Queisser, N & Schupp, N 2013, 'Effect of Gum Arabic on Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Adenine-Induced Chronic Renal Failure in Rats', PLoS One, vol. 8, no. 2, e55242. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0055242
Ali, Badreldin H. ; Al-Husseni, Isehaq ; Beegam, Sumyia ; Al-Shukaili, Ahmed ; Nemmar, Abderrahim ; Schierling, Simone ; Queisser, Nina ; Schupp, Nicole. / Effect of Gum Arabic on Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Adenine-Induced Chronic Renal Failure in Rats. In: PLoS One. 2013 ; Vol. 8, No. 2.
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