Effect of different tillage and residue management practices on growth and yield of corn cultivation in Thailand

Wlaiwan Sornpoon, H. P W Jayasuriya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The tillage and residue management during soil bed preparation need to be in appropriate manner for sustainable farming practice. The effects of tillage and residue management methods on corn cropping were studied on loamy soil in Bangrakum district, Phitsanulok Province, Thailand. The effects of five commonly used tillage methods: subsoiler tillage (ST), three methods of conventional tillage (CT1, CT2 and CT3), no-tillage (NT), as main factors and two corn residue management methods; burned (R1) and unburned (R2), as sub-factors were studied in a randomized strip plot configuration. Tillage treatment showed significant effect on physical and chemical soil properties, plant growth and development, grain yield, total aboveground biomass and most importantly the weed emergence and density, while the two crop residue management methods did not show significant differences. The improvement in plant development and grain production was found to be due to the increased tilled depth and thus the ST was the most effective tillage method for improving soil physical properties and to increase corn production; corn growth, biomass and grain yield. ST showed higher total grain yield than CT1, CT2, CT3 and NT approximately 35%, 101%, 88%, 216%, respectively. It could be concluded that ST as the best and sustainable method of soil management for corn cropping while having typical weeding and fertilization practices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-94
Number of pages9
JournalAgricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal
Volume15
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Thailand
tillage
Soils
corn
Biomass
grain yield
soil management
soil physical properties
no-tillage
plant development
methodology
Crops
Physical properties
crop residue management
loam soils
sustainable agriculture
soil chemical properties
conventional tillage
aboveground biomass
weed control

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Compaction
  • Emergence
  • No-tillage
  • Randomized
  • Subsoiler
  • Tillage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

@article{1624c07fe35d41c58e6f180b2daa43d6,
title = "Effect of different tillage and residue management practices on growth and yield of corn cultivation in Thailand",
abstract = "The tillage and residue management during soil bed preparation need to be in appropriate manner for sustainable farming practice. The effects of tillage and residue management methods on corn cropping were studied on loamy soil in Bangrakum district, Phitsanulok Province, Thailand. The effects of five commonly used tillage methods: subsoiler tillage (ST), three methods of conventional tillage (CT1, CT2 and CT3), no-tillage (NT), as main factors and two corn residue management methods; burned (R1) and unburned (R2), as sub-factors were studied in a randomized strip plot configuration. Tillage treatment showed significant effect on physical and chemical soil properties, plant growth and development, grain yield, total aboveground biomass and most importantly the weed emergence and density, while the two crop residue management methods did not show significant differences. The improvement in plant development and grain production was found to be due to the increased tilled depth and thus the ST was the most effective tillage method for improving soil physical properties and to increase corn production; corn growth, biomass and grain yield. ST showed higher total grain yield than CT1, CT2, CT3 and NT approximately 35{\%}, 101{\%}, 88{\%}, 216{\%}, respectively. It could be concluded that ST as the best and sustainable method of soil management for corn cropping while having typical weeding and fertilization practices.",
keywords = "Biomass, Compaction, Emergence, No-tillage, Randomized, Subsoiler, Tillage",
author = "Wlaiwan Sornpoon and Jayasuriya, {H. P W}",
year = "2013",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "86--94",
journal = "Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal",
issn = "1682-1130",
publisher = "International Commission of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of different tillage and residue management practices on growth and yield of corn cultivation in Thailand

AU - Sornpoon, Wlaiwan

AU - Jayasuriya, H. P W

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The tillage and residue management during soil bed preparation need to be in appropriate manner for sustainable farming practice. The effects of tillage and residue management methods on corn cropping were studied on loamy soil in Bangrakum district, Phitsanulok Province, Thailand. The effects of five commonly used tillage methods: subsoiler tillage (ST), three methods of conventional tillage (CT1, CT2 and CT3), no-tillage (NT), as main factors and two corn residue management methods; burned (R1) and unburned (R2), as sub-factors were studied in a randomized strip plot configuration. Tillage treatment showed significant effect on physical and chemical soil properties, plant growth and development, grain yield, total aboveground biomass and most importantly the weed emergence and density, while the two crop residue management methods did not show significant differences. The improvement in plant development and grain production was found to be due to the increased tilled depth and thus the ST was the most effective tillage method for improving soil physical properties and to increase corn production; corn growth, biomass and grain yield. ST showed higher total grain yield than CT1, CT2, CT3 and NT approximately 35%, 101%, 88%, 216%, respectively. It could be concluded that ST as the best and sustainable method of soil management for corn cropping while having typical weeding and fertilization practices.

AB - The tillage and residue management during soil bed preparation need to be in appropriate manner for sustainable farming practice. The effects of tillage and residue management methods on corn cropping were studied on loamy soil in Bangrakum district, Phitsanulok Province, Thailand. The effects of five commonly used tillage methods: subsoiler tillage (ST), three methods of conventional tillage (CT1, CT2 and CT3), no-tillage (NT), as main factors and two corn residue management methods; burned (R1) and unburned (R2), as sub-factors were studied in a randomized strip plot configuration. Tillage treatment showed significant effect on physical and chemical soil properties, plant growth and development, grain yield, total aboveground biomass and most importantly the weed emergence and density, while the two crop residue management methods did not show significant differences. The improvement in plant development and grain production was found to be due to the increased tilled depth and thus the ST was the most effective tillage method for improving soil physical properties and to increase corn production; corn growth, biomass and grain yield. ST showed higher total grain yield than CT1, CT2, CT3 and NT approximately 35%, 101%, 88%, 216%, respectively. It could be concluded that ST as the best and sustainable method of soil management for corn cropping while having typical weeding and fertilization practices.

KW - Biomass

KW - Compaction

KW - Emergence

KW - No-tillage

KW - Randomized

KW - Subsoiler

KW - Tillage

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84884936031&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84884936031&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 86

EP - 94

JO - Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal

JF - Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal

SN - 1682-1130

IS - 3

ER -