Effect of deltamethrin on the gills of Aphanius dispar: A microscopic study

R. Al-Ghanbousi, T. Ba-Omar, R. Victor

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aphanius dispar, a freshwater fish (mean total length±sd, 3.42±0.33cm) was exposed to different concentrations of deltamethrin (2.25, 2.50 and 3.00μgL -1), an insecticide used to control Dubas bug, Ommatissus lybicus in Oman. The histopathological changes in the structure of the gills in fish exposed to deltamethrin was studied using light, transmission and scanning electron microscopy. In light microscopy, the fish exposed to 2.25μgL -1 deltamethrin, showed hypertrophy and hyperplasia of chloride cells, while in 2.50μgL -1, additional changes like vacuolization, lifting of the lamellar epithelium and fusion of secondary lamellae were observed. The most severe alteration including vacuolization, desquamation of cells and dilation of intercellular space was recorded at 3.00μgL -1. Transmission and scanning electron microscopy, supports the findings of light microscopy and further document the ultrastructural damage caused, especially in exposure to 2.50 and 3.00μgL -1. Al l changes observed are described in detail. The deltamethrin exposure concentration of 2.25μgL -1 seems to be a threshold above which any small increase in concentration results in severe damage. All present results have been compared with those of previous studies on gill damage caused by various chemical substances. The impacts of the damage on the functioning of gills as a respiratory organ are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-14
Number of pages8
JournalTissue and Cell
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012

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Keywords

  • Aphanius dispar
  • Deltamethrin
  • Gills
  • SEM
  • TEM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology

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