Effect of calcination time on the physicochemical properties and photocatalytic performance of carbon and nitrogen co-doped tio2 nanoparticles

Emile Salomon Massima Mouele*, Mihaela Dinu, Franscious Cummings, Ojo O. Fatoba, Myo Tay Zar Myint, Htet Htet Kyaw, Anca C. Parau, Alina Vladescu, M. Grazia Francesconi, Sara Pescetelli, Aldo Di Carlo, Antonio Agresti, Mohammed Al-Abri, Sergey Dobretsov, Mariana Braic, Leslie F. Petrik

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The application of highly active nano catalysts in advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) improves the production of non-selective hydroxyl radicals and co-oxidants for complete remediation of polluted water. This study focused on the synthesis and characterisation of a highly active visible light C–N-co-doped TiO2 nano catalyst that we prepared via the sol-gel method and pyrolysed at 350 °C for 105 min in an inert atmosphere to prevent combustion of carbon moieties. Then we prolonged the pyrolysis holding time to 120 and 135 min and studied the effect of these changes on the crystal structure, particle size and morphology, electronic properties and photocatalytic performance. The physico-chemical characterisation proved that alteration of pyrolysis holding time allows control of the amount of carbon in the TiO2 catalyst causing variations in the band gap, particle size and morphology and induced changes in electronic properties. The C–N–TiO2 nano composites were active under both visible and UV light. Their improved activity was ascribed to a low electron–hole pair recombination rate that enhanced the generation of OH. and related oxidants for total deactivation of O.II dye. This study shows that subtle differences in catalyst preparation conditions affect its physico-chemical properties and catalytic efficiency under solar and UV light.

Original languageEnglish
Article number847
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Band gap
  • Crystal structure
  • Holding time
  • Nano-photo catalysts
  • Particle size
  • Photocatalytic activity
  • Pyrolysis
  • Recombination rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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