Effect of biostimulation, temperature and salinity on respiration activities and bacterial community composition in an oil polluted desert soil

Raeid M M Abed, Samiha Al-Kharusi, Manal Al-Hinai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bioremediation of oil-polluted soils under the extreme environmental conditions of deserts is challenging. Lack of nutrients, elevated temperatures and high salinities, caused by continuous evaporation of irrigation water/seawater, are among the major environmental factors that influence the diversity and activity of soil microorganisms. We compared, using microcosms, the effect of different temperatures and salinities on respiration activities, oil mineralization and bacterial community composition in desert soils with and without the addition of inorganic nutrients and exogenous bacteria. The addition of nutrients resulted in ca. 20% increase in oil mineralization rates, however additional exogenous bacteria lead to a further increase of only 1%. While the evolved CO2 increased with increasing temperatures, it decreased with increasing salinity in both untreated and biostimulated soils. The maximum amount of evolved CO2 reached 18.4±1.1mg-CO2g-1 in the biostimulated soil at 50°C and this corresponded to ca. 10% oil mineralization. Bacterial communities exhibited shifts at different temperatures and salinities in the favor of genera that contain potential oil-degrading aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. We conclude that fluctuations in temperature and salinity of desert soils will directly influence the activity and diversity of microorganisms therein and consequently affect the efficiency of applied bioremediation treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-52
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Biodeterioration and Biodegradation
Volume98
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2015

Fingerprint

desert soil
Salinity
community composition
Respiration
Oils
respiration
Soil
Soils
salinity
Temperature
oil
Chemical analysis
Nutrients
mineralization
Bacteria
Environmental Biodegradation
Bioremediation
bioremediation
temperature
bacterium

Keywords

  • Bioremediation
  • Desert
  • Oil
  • Oil mineralization
  • Pyrosequencing
  • Respiration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Microbiology
  • Biomaterials

Cite this

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title = "Effect of biostimulation, temperature and salinity on respiration activities and bacterial community composition in an oil polluted desert soil",
abstract = "Bioremediation of oil-polluted soils under the extreme environmental conditions of deserts is challenging. Lack of nutrients, elevated temperatures and high salinities, caused by continuous evaporation of irrigation water/seawater, are among the major environmental factors that influence the diversity and activity of soil microorganisms. We compared, using microcosms, the effect of different temperatures and salinities on respiration activities, oil mineralization and bacterial community composition in desert soils with and without the addition of inorganic nutrients and exogenous bacteria. The addition of nutrients resulted in ca. 20{\%} increase in oil mineralization rates, however additional exogenous bacteria lead to a further increase of only 1{\%}. While the evolved CO2 increased with increasing temperatures, it decreased with increasing salinity in both untreated and biostimulated soils. The maximum amount of evolved CO2 reached 18.4±1.1mg-CO2g-1 in the biostimulated soil at 50°C and this corresponded to ca. 10{\%} oil mineralization. Bacterial communities exhibited shifts at different temperatures and salinities in the favor of genera that contain potential oil-degrading aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. We conclude that fluctuations in temperature and salinity of desert soils will directly influence the activity and diversity of microorganisms therein and consequently affect the efficiency of applied bioremediation treatments.",
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AU - Abed, Raeid M M

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AU - Al-Hinai, Manal

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AB - Bioremediation of oil-polluted soils under the extreme environmental conditions of deserts is challenging. Lack of nutrients, elevated temperatures and high salinities, caused by continuous evaporation of irrigation water/seawater, are among the major environmental factors that influence the diversity and activity of soil microorganisms. We compared, using microcosms, the effect of different temperatures and salinities on respiration activities, oil mineralization and bacterial community composition in desert soils with and without the addition of inorganic nutrients and exogenous bacteria. The addition of nutrients resulted in ca. 20% increase in oil mineralization rates, however additional exogenous bacteria lead to a further increase of only 1%. While the evolved CO2 increased with increasing temperatures, it decreased with increasing salinity in both untreated and biostimulated soils. The maximum amount of evolved CO2 reached 18.4±1.1mg-CO2g-1 in the biostimulated soil at 50°C and this corresponded to ca. 10% oil mineralization. Bacterial communities exhibited shifts at different temperatures and salinities in the favor of genera that contain potential oil-degrading aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. We conclude that fluctuations in temperature and salinity of desert soils will directly influence the activity and diversity of microorganisms therein and consequently affect the efficiency of applied bioremediation treatments.

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