Effect of alkalinization and/or hyaluronidase adjuvancy on a local anesthetic mixture for sub-Tenon's ophthalmic block

M. M. Moharib, S. Mitra, S. G. Rizvi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and objectives: pH adjustment and/or addition of hyaluronidase to local anesthetic drugs decrease the time to onset and prolong the duration of regional anesthetic techniques for ocular surgery. The objective of this study was to investigate whether these factors are effective also in sub-Tenon's block. Methods: Sixty patients were randomly assigned to four groups in a double blind, prospective fashion, and received 5.125ml mixtures as follows: 2.5ml lignocaine 2%, 2.5ml bupivacaine 0.5% and 0.125ml isotonic saline (group LB); 2.5ml lignocaine 2%, 2.5ml bupivacaine 0.5%, 15IU hyaluronidase/ml and 0.125 ml isotonic saline (group LBH); 2.5ml lignocaine 2%, 2.5ml bupivacaine 0.5% and 0.125ml sodium bicarbonate 8.4% (group LBpH); and 2.5ml lignocaine 2%, 2.5ml bupivacaine 0.5%, 15IU hyaluronidase/ml and 0.125 ml sodium bicarbonate 8.4% (group LBHpH). This measurement was based on one quadrant sub-Tenon's block. Akinesia was assessed every 30 s. Results: No statistically significant differences were found between the groups regarding mean times to onset and to complete akinesia. Group LBH displayed a significantly lower frequency of patients experiencing pain and a lower need for rescue medication during surgery than the other groups. Conclusion: pH adjustment and/or addition of hyaluronidase to a mixture of lignocaine and bupivacaine did not shorten the time to onset of akinesia following sub-Tenon's technique. However, the addition of hyaluronidase was associated with a lower fraction of patients experiencing pain during surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-602
Number of pages4
JournalActa Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2002

Fingerprint

Hyaluronoglucosaminidase
Bupivacaine
Lidocaine
Local Anesthetics
Social Adjustment
Sodium Bicarbonate
Anesthetics
Pain

Keywords

  • Bupivacaine
  • Hyaluronidase
  • Lignocaine
  • Local anesthetics
  • Ophtalmic surgery
  • Regional anesthesia
  • Sub-Tenon's technique

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

Effect of alkalinization and/or hyaluronidase adjuvancy on a local anesthetic mixture for sub-Tenon's ophthalmic block. / Moharib, M. M.; Mitra, S.; Rizvi, S. G.

In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, Vol. 46, No. 5, 01.01.2002, p. 599-602.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background and objectives: pH adjustment and/or addition of hyaluronidase to local anesthetic drugs decrease the time to onset and prolong the duration of regional anesthetic techniques for ocular surgery. The objective of this study was to investigate whether these factors are effective also in sub-Tenon's block. Methods: Sixty patients were randomly assigned to four groups in a double blind, prospective fashion, and received 5.125ml mixtures as follows: 2.5ml lignocaine 2{\%}, 2.5ml bupivacaine 0.5{\%} and 0.125ml isotonic saline (group LB); 2.5ml lignocaine 2{\%}, 2.5ml bupivacaine 0.5{\%}, 15IU hyaluronidase/ml and 0.125 ml isotonic saline (group LBH); 2.5ml lignocaine 2{\%}, 2.5ml bupivacaine 0.5{\%} and 0.125ml sodium bicarbonate 8.4{\%} (group LBpH); and 2.5ml lignocaine 2{\%}, 2.5ml bupivacaine 0.5{\%}, 15IU hyaluronidase/ml and 0.125 ml sodium bicarbonate 8.4{\%} (group LBHpH). This measurement was based on one quadrant sub-Tenon's block. Akinesia was assessed every 30 s. Results: No statistically significant differences were found between the groups regarding mean times to onset and to complete akinesia. Group LBH displayed a significantly lower frequency of patients experiencing pain and a lower need for rescue medication during surgery than the other groups. Conclusion: pH adjustment and/or addition of hyaluronidase to a mixture of lignocaine and bupivacaine did not shorten the time to onset of akinesia following sub-Tenon's technique. However, the addition of hyaluronidase was associated with a lower fraction of patients experiencing pain during surgery.",
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KW - Regional anesthesia

KW - Sub-Tenon's technique

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