Effect of age on concentrations of nutrients in four muscles of the Sudanese dromedary (Camelus dromedaries) camel

Ghada A. Ibrahim, Ikhlas A. Nour, Rabea Al-Maqbali, Isam T. Kadim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of age (3–4 and 6–7 years old) on concentration of amino acids, fatty acids, minerals, vitamins and collagen in the longissimus thoraces (LT), biceps femoris, semitendinosus and semimembranosus muscles of 12 Sudanese camels. There were significant effects of age and muscle type on moisture, fat and protein contents. The LT muscle had significantly (P <.05) higher fat than other muscles. The proportion of polyunsaturated to saturated fatty acids, which ranged from 1.0 to 1.07, was above the minimum ratio of 4.0 recommended to reduce the risk of coronary diseases in humans. The most abundant essential amino acid in camel muscles was lysine, followed by leucine, phenylalanine, Isoleucine, threonine and methionine. Muscles from 6- to 7-yearold camels had slightly higher insoluble collagen than those from 3- to 4-year-old camels. There was a general trend for mineral content of camel meat increasing with age with significant effect on Ca and Pb concentrations. The Sudanese camel meat is also an important source of several vitamins. This study indicated that concentrations of nutrients among muscles were affected by age and the knowledge of these factors allow for better marketing and processing of camel meat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)577-584
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Animal Research
Volume45
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Camelus
Camelus dromedarius
nutrient content
camel meat
Food
Muscles
muscles
camels
Meat
thorax
Vitamins
Minerals
collagen
vitamins
Collagen
Fatty Acids
Thorax
Fats
Essential Amino Acids
Isoleucine

Keywords

  • Amino acid
  • Camel
  • Collagen
  • Fatty acid
  • Minerals
  • Vitamins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Effect of age on concentrations of nutrients in four muscles of the Sudanese dromedary (Camelus dromedaries) camel. / Ibrahim, Ghada A.; Nour, Ikhlas A.; Al-Maqbali, Rabea; Kadim, Isam T.

In: Journal of Applied Animal Research, Vol. 45, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 577-584.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{441bf23c279d40bba22086563762d562,
title = "Effect of age on concentrations of nutrients in four muscles of the Sudanese dromedary (Camelus dromedaries) camel",
abstract = "The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of age (3–4 and 6–7 years old) on concentration of amino acids, fatty acids, minerals, vitamins and collagen in the longissimus thoraces (LT), biceps femoris, semitendinosus and semimembranosus muscles of 12 Sudanese camels. There were significant effects of age and muscle type on moisture, fat and protein contents. The LT muscle had significantly (P <.05) higher fat than other muscles. The proportion of polyunsaturated to saturated fatty acids, which ranged from 1.0 to 1.07, was above the minimum ratio of 4.0 recommended to reduce the risk of coronary diseases in humans. The most abundant essential amino acid in camel muscles was lysine, followed by leucine, phenylalanine, Isoleucine, threonine and methionine. Muscles from 6- to 7-yearold camels had slightly higher insoluble collagen than those from 3- to 4-year-old camels. There was a general trend for mineral content of camel meat increasing with age with significant effect on Ca and Pb concentrations. The Sudanese camel meat is also an important source of several vitamins. This study indicated that concentrations of nutrients among muscles were affected by age and the knowledge of these factors allow for better marketing and processing of camel meat.",
keywords = "Amino acid, Camel, Collagen, Fatty acid, Minerals, Vitamins",
author = "Ibrahim, {Ghada A.} and Nour, {Ikhlas A.} and Rabea Al-Maqbali and Kadim, {Isam T.}",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/09712119.2016.1232266",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "577--584",
journal = "Journal of Applied Animal Research",
issn = "0971-2119",
publisher = "Garuda Scientific Publications",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of age on concentrations of nutrients in four muscles of the Sudanese dromedary (Camelus dromedaries) camel

AU - Ibrahim, Ghada A.

AU - Nour, Ikhlas A.

AU - Al-Maqbali, Rabea

AU - Kadim, Isam T.

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of age (3–4 and 6–7 years old) on concentration of amino acids, fatty acids, minerals, vitamins and collagen in the longissimus thoraces (LT), biceps femoris, semitendinosus and semimembranosus muscles of 12 Sudanese camels. There were significant effects of age and muscle type on moisture, fat and protein contents. The LT muscle had significantly (P <.05) higher fat than other muscles. The proportion of polyunsaturated to saturated fatty acids, which ranged from 1.0 to 1.07, was above the minimum ratio of 4.0 recommended to reduce the risk of coronary diseases in humans. The most abundant essential amino acid in camel muscles was lysine, followed by leucine, phenylalanine, Isoleucine, threonine and methionine. Muscles from 6- to 7-yearold camels had slightly higher insoluble collagen than those from 3- to 4-year-old camels. There was a general trend for mineral content of camel meat increasing with age with significant effect on Ca and Pb concentrations. The Sudanese camel meat is also an important source of several vitamins. This study indicated that concentrations of nutrients among muscles were affected by age and the knowledge of these factors allow for better marketing and processing of camel meat.

AB - The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of age (3–4 and 6–7 years old) on concentration of amino acids, fatty acids, minerals, vitamins and collagen in the longissimus thoraces (LT), biceps femoris, semitendinosus and semimembranosus muscles of 12 Sudanese camels. There were significant effects of age and muscle type on moisture, fat and protein contents. The LT muscle had significantly (P <.05) higher fat than other muscles. The proportion of polyunsaturated to saturated fatty acids, which ranged from 1.0 to 1.07, was above the minimum ratio of 4.0 recommended to reduce the risk of coronary diseases in humans. The most abundant essential amino acid in camel muscles was lysine, followed by leucine, phenylalanine, Isoleucine, threonine and methionine. Muscles from 6- to 7-yearold camels had slightly higher insoluble collagen than those from 3- to 4-year-old camels. There was a general trend for mineral content of camel meat increasing with age with significant effect on Ca and Pb concentrations. The Sudanese camel meat is also an important source of several vitamins. This study indicated that concentrations of nutrients among muscles were affected by age and the knowledge of these factors allow for better marketing and processing of camel meat.

KW - Amino acid

KW - Camel

KW - Collagen

KW - Fatty acid

KW - Minerals

KW - Vitamins

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85034739230&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85034739230&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/09712119.2016.1232266

DO - 10.1080/09712119.2016.1232266

M3 - Article

VL - 45

SP - 577

EP - 584

JO - Journal of Applied Animal Research

JF - Journal of Applied Animal Research

SN - 0971-2119

IS - 1

ER -