Trastornos de la conducta alumemtaria y percepción del miedo a estar gordo en una población adolescente no occidental: Una experiencia en Omán

Translated title of the contribution: Eating disorder and conception of fear of fatness among non-Western adolescent population: Experience from Oman

Samir Al-Adawi, Atsu S S Dorvlo, P. C. Alexander, Rodger G. Martin, Kazuhiro Yoishiuchi, Hiroaki Kumano, Tomifusa Kuboki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Debates are continuing on whether a protean maladjustment disorder such as anorexia nervosa has similar manifestations in different cultures and whether eating pathology constitutes a culture-bound or culture-reactive phenomenon. This paper aims to explore how the view that a prototypical conception of fear of fatness as an essential factor for identifying anorexia nervosa is expressed in some non-western populations. Oman, a rapidly developing country, has a mix of populations that provide a favorable setting for studying the cross-cultural differences in health behavior. The present study suggests that performance of non-western adolescent (Omani, Indian) on assessment measures eliciting fear of fatness or 'fat phobia' was significantly different from their Euro-American counterparts. However, no significant differences emerged as a function of other indexes of eating pathology such as EAT-26 and anthropomorphic variables. This paper speculates on cultural patterning that might protect non-western adolescence from developing isomorphic attitudes and behaviors leading to body image dissatisfaction.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)429-446
Number of pages18
JournalPsicologia Conductual
Volume12
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Body image
  • Cross-cultural
  • Fat-phobia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

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