Early versus late parenteral nutrition in very low birthweight neonates, a retrospective study from oman

Amitha R. Aroor, Lalitha Krishnan, Zenaida Reyes, Muhammed Fazallulah, Masood Ahmed, Ashfaq A. Khan, Yahya Al-Farsi

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the biochemical parameters, weight gain, osteopenia and phosphate supplementation in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates receiving early versus late parenteral nutrition (EPN versus LPN). Methods: A retrospective study was undertaken in the level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Oman: from January 2007 to October 2008 (LPN group, n = 47) and from January 2009 to June 2010 (EPN group, n = 44). Demographic data, anthropometric and laboratory parameters were extracted from the electronic record system. Results: The mean age of PN initiation was LPN = 47.3 hours versus EPN = 14.3 hours. Biochemical parameters analysed during the first week of life revealed a reduction in hypernatraemia (12.7% versus 6.8%) and non-oliguric hyperkalemia (12.7% versus 6.8%) in EPN, with no significant differences in acidosis and urea levels between the two groups. Hyperglycemia >12 mmol/L in

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)584-591
Number of pages8
JournalSultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012



  • Bone disease
  • Hyperkalemia
  • Hypernatremia
  • Infants
  • Newborn
  • Oman
  • Parenteral nutrition
  • Very low birth weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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