This paper presents a theoretical analysis of the dynamics of motion of spherical metallic particles under non-uniform fields for direct-current gas-insulated switchgear (dc GIS) and for electrostatic separators/sizers (ESS). The particle equations of motion between a pair of diverging conducting plates are numerically solved in three dimensions using a computational algorithm. The upper plate is energized by HV dc or HV ac of variable frequency, while the lower one is grounded. In the case of ESS, the lower electrode is also mounted horizontally on a vibratory conveyor. The results reveal that the particle exhibits several phenomena during motion depending on its initial position, radius and density, angle between the diverging plates, tilt angle of the electrode system, and frequency and amplitude of the applied voltage. The influence of vibratory-conveyor variables on the separation/sizing process is studied in the light of the particle trajectory in the third dimension. Moreover, the results are interpreted using dimensional analysis. The use of HV ac causes the separation/sizing process to be imprecise; the higher the applied-voltage frequency and the larger the particle radius, the higher is the risk of breakdown. Depending on the tilt angle and orientation of the earthed electrode relative to the divergent angle between the electrodes, particle trapping can be helped or hindered. Therefore, several factors should be taken into consideration in the design and installation of the particle drivers and traps in GIS. Finally, the effects of dielectric coating on the electrode and of gas pressure on the particle trajectory are also studied.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering