Durability of glass fiber-reinforced polymer bars conditioned in moist seawater-contaminated concrete under sustained load

Hilal El-Hassan, Tamer El-Maaddawy, Abdelrahman Al-Sallamin, Abdullah Al-Saidy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)


The combined effect of sustained loading and moist seawater-contaminated concrete environment on the durability performance of two types of glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars was investigated. A sustained load of 25% of the ultimate tensile strength was applied to concrete-encased GFRP bars immersed in tap water for up to 15 months at temperatures of 20, 40, and 60 °C. None of the loaded specimens conditioned at 20 °C were creep-ruptured during conditioning. In contrast, many bars were creep-ruptured during conditioning at the higher temperatures of 40 and 60 °C. At a conditioning temperature of 20 °C, Type I and II GFRP bars retained 84 and 70% of their original tensile strength after 15 months of conditioning under a sustained load. At the higher temperature of 60 °C, trivial tensile strength retentions of 15 and 12% were recorded for Type I and Type II GFRP bars, respectively, after 15 months of conditioning under a sustained load. A comparative analysis between results of loaded and unloaded specimens demonstrated the detrimental effect of the presence of a sustained load during conditioning on the tensile strength retention of GFRP bars. The detrimental effect of the sustained load was intensified at the higher temperatures. The accelerated aging test data along with Arrhenius concept were employed to develop a durability design model that can predict the tensile strength retention of both types of GFRP bars in moist seawater-contaminated concrete.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - Jun 30 2018



  • Concrete
  • Durability
  • GFRP
  • Microstructure
  • Seawater
  • Sustained load

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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