Point-of-care (POC) diagnostic devices play significant roles in delivering vital surveillance information and providing proper and timely care to patients. There is a challenge in the development of new diagnostic tools to overcome their current shortcomings in terms of cost issues, accuracy and performance. Herein, a highly efficient paper-based analytical device based on a 2D metal-organic framework (MOF) has been reported for the colorimetric/fluorometric monitoring of glucose. Because of the inherent bifunctional activity of cobalt-terephthalate MOF (CoMOF) nanosheets, great improvements were made to the stability and performance of glucose oxidase (GOX) and to its catalytic effect on the reaction of o-phenylenediamine (OPD) and H2O2. The exceptional behavior of 2D CoMOF, along with a precise smartphone readout, led to the rapid and sensitive colorimetric/fluorometric detection of glucose in biological samples. Paper modified by CoMOF and GOX was stable for a long time, and a yellow-brown color and a high fluorescence emission were observed after the addition of a low volume of sample and OPD solutions. The probe showed a wide linear effectiveness range of 50 μM-15 mM, with colorimetric and fluorometric detection limits of 16.3 and 3.2 μM, respectively. Despite its great simplicity, the developed probe showed high performance and accuracy for the quantification of glucose.
- Bifunctional metal-organic frameworks
- Paper-based diagnostic device
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Environmental Chemistry