Diurnal variations of air pollution from motor vehicles in residential area

Sabah A. Abdul-Wahab, Walid S. Bouhamra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper employs the air quality data assembled by the Kuwait University mobile air pollution monitoring laboratory (Chemical Engineering Department). The experimental work has been conducted in the urban atmosphere of Khaldiya residential area in Kuwait University during 1997. The site was selected to represent a typical residential area which is mainly under high traffic influences. The data collected consist mainly of measurements of carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), non-methane hydrocarbon (NMHC) and Ozone (O3). It is important to determine the behavior of these pollutants relative to meteorological parameters. Wind speed and direction were monitored simultaneously. The first objective of this paper is to measure the atmospheric levels of these pollutants and then compare their values with the international standard limits for an urban area. The second objective is to understand the diurnal and monthly variations of these pollutants. The third objective is to study the distribution levels of these pollutants with respect to meteorological parameters such as wind speed and direction. The results showed that the levels of NMHC and NOx exceeded the proposed ambient air quality standard for residential areas in Kuwait The monthly mean distributions of NMHC, CO and NOx showed distinct patterns with the lower concentrations during the summer period (July and August). The distribution of O3 was different from the other gases. The maximum was seen in July and August. The hourly mean distribution of pollutants reported two types of concentration variations. The hourly mean distribution of NMHC, CO and NOx were generally characterized by three peaks which were associated with the traffic loads on the main streets. On the other hand, the variation corresponding to O3 revealed the occurrence of two daily maxima. The main distribution of the various pollutants according to wind speed indicated a marked drop with stronger winds and this was common to NMHC, CO and NOx. The mean O3 level with the wind speed showed an opposite picture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-98
Number of pages26
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Studies
Volume61
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2004

Keywords

  • Carbon Monoxide
  • Motor Vehicles
  • Nitrogen Oxides
  • Non-methane Hydrocarbons
  • Ozone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

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