Disaggregating the impact of oil prices on European industrial equity indices: a spatial econometric analysis

Syed Mujahid Hussain*, Amjad Naveed, Sheraz Ahmed, Nisar Ahmad

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study investigates the relationship between daily returns of oil and ten European industrial equity indices for the period 2008–2017 using the spatial econometric technique. In our settings, the historical co-movements of sectoral returns are incorporated while modelling the contemporaneous relationships between oil and European sectoral returns. After controlling for regional and global equity risk factors, we find that oil returns pose a significantly positive effect on sectoral indices’ returns in line with previous studies. However, the magnitude of economic impact found mostly by earlier studies was largely underestimated without considering the co-movements of sectoral indices. The use of spatial econometric technique allowed us to disaggregate the total impact into a direct (due to oil price) and an indirect (due to spillover effect because of intra-industry co-movements) effect of oil price changes. Our results indicate that the direct economic impact of changes in oil prices on industrial returns is almost 31% more than what has been found by earlier studies. The negative spatial dependence among sectoral indices provides a useful tool to identify the source of the indirect impact of oil on overall equity prices in Europe that in turn explains the overestimation of direct impact by 31%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2673-2692
Number of pages20
JournalEmpirical Economics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022


  • Euro STOXX
  • European industrial indices
  • G20
  • G30
  • Oil prices
  • Spatial econometrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Mathematics (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Economics and Econometrics


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