Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a frequently occurring cancer in Jordan. CRC risk is expected to continue rising due to dietary patterns, sedentary lifestyle, and other practices. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of dietary and lifestyle risk factors for CRC among patients attending outpatient gastroenterology clinics in Jordan. A descriptive, cross-sectional design was used to collect data from 713 asymptomatic participants. Data was collected using a self-report questionnaire measuring sociodemographic characteristics, dietary habits, physical activity, and lifestyle risk factors of CRC. The mean age of participants was 57.0 ± 8.56 years. The majority of participants were male (71.8 %) and with less than secondary school formal education (60.7 %). The commonest risk factors for CRC among the participants were overweight or obesity (76.1 %), lack of exercise (71.6 %), limited consumption of vegetables (70.8 %), smoking (60.6 %), over consumption of red meat (56.3 %), and diabetes mellitus (24.1 %). Dietary and lifestyle risk factors for CRC are prevalent in Jordan and likely to fuel an upsurge CRC if population-wide educational interventions are not implemented. There is need for greater attention and emphasis on strategies to educate the general population about healthy dietary and lifestyle habits as means of preventing CRC in Jordan.
- Colorectal cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health