Diagnostic value of electrocardiographic t wave inversion in lead avl in diagnosing coronary artery disease in patients with chronic stable angina

Hatem L. Farhan, Kowthar S. Hassan, Ali Al-Belushi, Mansour Sallam*, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The clinical value of T wave inversion in lead aVL in diagnosing coronary artery disease (CAD) remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the correlation between aVL T wave inversion and CAD in patients with chronic stable angina. Methods: Electrocardiograms (ECGs) of 257 consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography were analyzed. All patients had chronic stable angina. All patients with secondary T wave inversion had been excluded (66 patients). The remaining 191 patients constituted the study population. Detailed ECG interpretation and coronary angiographic findings were conducted by experienced cardiologists. Results: T wave inversion in aVL was identified in 89 ECGs (46.8%) with definite ischemic Q-ST-T changes in different leads in 97 ECGs (50.8%). Stand alone aVL T wave inversion was found in 27 ECGs (14.1%) while ischemic changes in other leads with normal aVL were identified in 36 ECGs (18.8%). The incidence of CAD was 86.3%. Single, two-and multi-vessel CAD were found in 38.8%, 28.5% and 32.7% of cases respectively. The prevalence of left main, left anterior descending, left circumflex and right coronary arteries were 4.7%, 61.2%, 29.3% and 44.5%, respectively. T wave inversion in aVL was found to be the only ECG variable significantly predicting mid segment left anterior descending artery (LAD) lesions (Odds Ratio 2.93, 95% Confidence Interval 1.59-5.37, p=0.001). Conclusion: This study provides new information relating to T wave inversion in lead aVL to mid segment LAD lesions. Implication of this simple finding may help in bedside diagnosis of CAD typically mid LAD lesions. However, further studies are needed to corroborate this finding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-127
Number of pages4
JournalOman Medical Journal
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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