Development of a Scale for Measuring University Students' Attitudes toward Entrepreneurship in Oman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study aimed to develop a scale to measure university students' attitudes towards entrepreneurship in Oman. This questionnaire was developed based on the number of literature, which presented scales and models to measure people’s attitudes towards entrepreneurship. The student attitudes were measured by their tendency toward entrepreneurship which was based on four domains: personal skills, technical skills, managerial skills, and leadership skills. Data was collected from 592 students. The instrument underwent a psychometrics process to obtain reliability and validity. PLS-SEM was used, the Assessment of a Measurement Model (AMM), rho_A, Composite Reliability, and Average Variance Extracted (AVE) were checked for the item and construct reliability with Discriminant validity for construct validity. Findings of the entrepreneurial skills among university students showed that all standardized factor loadings of the skills on the latent entrepreneurship factor were relatively higher than 0.70. The study concluded that the items were reliable and constructs were valid enough to use to measure student attitudes toward entrepreneurship in Oman.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
JournalInternational Journal of Humanities and Social Science (SSRG
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Entrepreneurship, Scale, Students' Attitudes, PLS-SEM, Item reliability, Construct Validity, Oman

Cite this

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title = "Development of a Scale for Measuring University Students' Attitudes toward Entrepreneurship in Oman",
abstract = "This study aimed to develop a scale to measure university students' attitudes towards entrepreneurship in Oman. This questionnaire was developed based on the number of literature, which presented scales and models to measure people’s attitudes towards entrepreneurship. The student attitudes were measured by their tendency toward entrepreneurship which was based on four domains: personal skills, technical skills, managerial skills, and leadership skills. Data was collected from 592 students. The instrument underwent a psychometrics process to obtain reliability and validity. PLS-SEM was used, the Assessment of a Measurement Model (AMM), rho_A, Composite Reliability, and Average Variance Extracted (AVE) were checked for the item and construct reliability with Discriminant validity for construct validity. Findings of the entrepreneurial skills among university students showed that all standardized factor loadings of the skills on the latent entrepreneurship factor were relatively higher than 0.70. The study concluded that the items were reliable and constructs were valid enough to use to measure student attitudes toward entrepreneurship in Oman.",
keywords = "Entrepreneurship, Scale, Students' Attitudes, PLS-SEM, Item reliability, Construct Validity, Oman",
author = "Wajeha Al-Ani and Al-Musawi, {Ali S.} and Mohammed Osman",
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AB - This study aimed to develop a scale to measure university students' attitudes towards entrepreneurship in Oman. This questionnaire was developed based on the number of literature, which presented scales and models to measure people’s attitudes towards entrepreneurship. The student attitudes were measured by their tendency toward entrepreneurship which was based on four domains: personal skills, technical skills, managerial skills, and leadership skills. Data was collected from 592 students. The instrument underwent a psychometrics process to obtain reliability and validity. PLS-SEM was used, the Assessment of a Measurement Model (AMM), rho_A, Composite Reliability, and Average Variance Extracted (AVE) were checked for the item and construct reliability with Discriminant validity for construct validity. Findings of the entrepreneurial skills among university students showed that all standardized factor loadings of the skills on the latent entrepreneurship factor were relatively higher than 0.70. The study concluded that the items were reliable and constructs were valid enough to use to measure student attitudes toward entrepreneurship in Oman.

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