Determinants of uptake of cervical cancer screening services at a no-cost reproductive health clinic managed by nurse-midwives

Charles P. Osingada, Gloria Ninsiima, Rose N. Chalo, Joshua K. Muliira, Tom Ngabirano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The incidence of cervical cancer (CC) has been rising in sub-Saharan Africa, and health authorities in this region have responded by increasing the availability of cheap or no-cost CC screening services (CCSS), public health education, and others. However, the efforts have not yet resulted into the expected uptake of CCSS. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the determinants of uptake of CCSS at a no-cost reproductive health clinic managed by nurse-midwives. Methods: A descriptive design and a structured interview questionnaire were used to collect data from 236 women attending the reproductive health clinic. Logistic regression statistics were used to examine the determinants of uptake of CCSS. Results: The mean age of participants was 28.7 years, and only 29% had received CC screening. The significant determinants of uptake of CCSS were concern about the gender of the healthcare professional (HCP) (odds ratio [OR], 5.03; P =.001), age older than 25 years (OR, 3.09; P =.005), contraceptive use (OR, 0.28; P =.02), encouragement by HCPs (OR, 0.16; P =.00), and perceived quality of CCSS (OR, 0.08; P =.00). Conclusions: Gender of the HCP and encouragement or reminders by the HCP influence uptake of CCSS. Because nurse-midwives have successfully led strategies to promote other integrated reproductive health services, they can also play a key role in enhancing uptake of CCSS in resource-poor settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-184
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Nursing
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 7 2015

Keywords

  • Cervical cancer
  • Determinants
  • Early detection of cancer
  • Nurse-midwives
  • Preventive care
  • Screening
  • Uganda
  • Uptake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Oncology(nursing)

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