Detection of Trypanosoma Infection in Dromedary Camels by Using Different Diagnostic Techniques in Northern Oman

Amal Al-Kharusi*, Elshafie Ibrahim Elshafie, Senan Baqir, Asim Faraz, Aliya Al-Ansari, Pamela Burger, Osman Mahgoub, Kaadhia Al-Kharousi, Halima Al-Duhli, Mohammed Al-Sinani, Raqiya Al-Hatali, Derek Roberts

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Camel trypanosomoses is considered a devastating disease with severe health consequences that can be caused by different hemoprotozoan parasites. Camel samples (388) from the five regions in Northern Oman were assessed using a thin blood film. In addition, 95 seropositive samples were analyzed using various primers of mechanically transmitted trypanosomes. Out of the 388 blood smears examined, 0.8% (CI 95%, 2/388) were found to be positive for Trypanosoma sp. using a microscope. The parasitologically positive cases were detected in samples from females. The overall molecular prevalences were as follows: TBR was 78/95, 77% (CI 73.1–89.2%); ITS was 30/95, 31.6% (CI 73.1–89.2%); and T. evansi type A (RoTat 1.2) was 8/95, 8.4% (CI 4.0–16.0%). There were two species of trypanosomes that were observed in the camels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1348
JournalAnimals
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2022

Keywords

  • blood
  • camel
  • prevalence
  • sequences
  • trypanosomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

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