Design of a brain controlled hand exoskeleton for patients with motor neuron diseases

Mazoon S. Al Maamari, Salma S. Al Badi, Ashraf Saleem, Mostefa Mesbah, Edris Hassan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patients suffering with motor neuron diseases (MND) are characterized by their inability to control essential voluntary muscle activity. This situation may lead to what is known as Locked-in syndrome (LIS). As the name suggests, LIS describes the state of being locked inside a paralyzed body with a functioning mind. With recent advances in robotics and signal processing technologies, patients with motor neuron disease may be able to partially overcome their disability and regain some control over their external environments. In this paper, we propose a design for brain's controlled hand exoskeleton. The proposed system uses a dual loop control, namely the brain-hand control and a local (hand) force control. The hand exoskeleton design consists of three main parts: four fingers with a three-layered sliding spring mechanism, an extension to fix the thumb of the patient and the main body which connects all the fingers with the linear actuator. The proposed system is implemented and tested successfully. Two actions are performed, namely grasping and releasing a light foam ball. After a training period, the brain-controlled exoskeleton was able to perform the two actions accurately and smoothly.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationISMA 2015 - 10th International Symposium on Mechatronics and its Applications
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Print)9781467377973
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 5 2016
Event10th International Symposium on Mechatronics and its Applications, ISMA 2015 - Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
Duration: Dec 8 2015Dec 10 2015

Other

Other10th International Symposium on Mechatronics and its Applications, ISMA 2015
CountryUnited Arab Emirates
CitySharjah
Period12/8/1512/10/15

Fingerprint

Neurons
Brain
Linear actuators
Regain
Force control
Muscle
Foams
Signal processing
Robotics

Keywords

  • BCI
  • Emotiv
  • Exoskeleton
  • Locked-in Syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Al Maamari, M. S., Al Badi, S. S., Saleem, A., Mesbah, M., & Hassan, E. (2016). Design of a brain controlled hand exoskeleton for patients with motor neuron diseases. In ISMA 2015 - 10th International Symposium on Mechatronics and its Applications [7373470] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISMA.2015.7373470

Design of a brain controlled hand exoskeleton for patients with motor neuron diseases. / Al Maamari, Mazoon S.; Al Badi, Salma S.; Saleem, Ashraf; Mesbah, Mostefa; Hassan, Edris.

ISMA 2015 - 10th International Symposium on Mechatronics and its Applications. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2016. 7373470.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Al Maamari, MS, Al Badi, SS, Saleem, A, Mesbah, M & Hassan, E 2016, Design of a brain controlled hand exoskeleton for patients with motor neuron diseases. in ISMA 2015 - 10th International Symposium on Mechatronics and its Applications., 7373470, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 10th International Symposium on Mechatronics and its Applications, ISMA 2015, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates, 12/8/15. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISMA.2015.7373470
Al Maamari MS, Al Badi SS, Saleem A, Mesbah M, Hassan E. Design of a brain controlled hand exoskeleton for patients with motor neuron diseases. In ISMA 2015 - 10th International Symposium on Mechatronics and its Applications. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2016. 7373470 https://doi.org/10.1109/ISMA.2015.7373470
Al Maamari, Mazoon S. ; Al Badi, Salma S. ; Saleem, Ashraf ; Mesbah, Mostefa ; Hassan, Edris. / Design of a brain controlled hand exoskeleton for patients with motor neuron diseases. ISMA 2015 - 10th International Symposium on Mechatronics and its Applications. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2016.
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