Design and Performance Analysis of Single-Phase Pre-saturated Core Fault Current Limiters

Mohamed E.K. Eladawy, Ibrahim A. Metwally

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, a design methodology of single-phase, simple non-superconducting magnetic coils, PCFCL is proposed based on extensive electromagnetic time-domain finite-element simulations taking into account the relative performances of the constructive design parameters. These controlled finite-element simulations allow fine realistic details, such as the nonlinear magnetic saturation behavior of the iron core to be included, and studying the effect on general performance during dynamic reactions of the system. Moreover, the dynamic behavior of PCFCL is characterized in terms of steady-state voltage drop across its terminals, counter emf induced on the DC coil terminals, and limitation factor of the fault current. Dual-core and single-core designs are investigated with a comparison of their ability of limiting the fault current. Results reveal that the dual-core design has a superior performance than that of the single-core one. Finally, a design methodology flowchart has been proposed which depends on the extensive simulation results of different PCFCL topologies and published experimental results, where changing either the governing constructive parameters or the magnetic iron core design are consider

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Feb 20 2018

Fingerprint

Fault current limiters
Electric fault currents
Iron
Saturation magnetization
Topology
Electric potential

Keywords

  • Circuit faults
  • Coils
  • Fault currents
  • Finite element method
  • Impedance
  • Iron
  • Limiting
  • magnetic core
  • Magnetic cores
  • magnetic flux
  • self-triggered fault current limiter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Design and Performance Analysis of Single-Phase Pre-saturated Core Fault Current Limiters",
abstract = "In this paper, a design methodology of single-phase, simple non-superconducting magnetic coils, PCFCL is proposed based on extensive electromagnetic time-domain finite-element simulations taking into account the relative performances of the constructive design parameters. These controlled finite-element simulations allow fine realistic details, such as the nonlinear magnetic saturation behavior of the iron core to be included, and studying the effect on general performance during dynamic reactions of the system. Moreover, the dynamic behavior of PCFCL is characterized in terms of steady-state voltage drop across its terminals, counter emf induced on the DC coil terminals, and limitation factor of the fault current. Dual-core and single-core designs are investigated with a comparison of their ability of limiting the fault current. Results reveal that the dual-core design has a superior performance than that of the single-core one. Finally, a design methodology flowchart has been proposed which depends on the extensive simulation results of different PCFCL topologies and published experimental results, where changing either the governing constructive parameters or the magnetic iron core design are consider",
keywords = "Circuit faults, Coils, Fault currents, Finite element method, Impedance, Iron, Limiting, magnetic core, Magnetic cores, magnetic flux, self-triggered fault current limiter",
author = "Eladawy, {Mohamed E.K.} and Metwally, {Ibrahim A.}",
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N2 - In this paper, a design methodology of single-phase, simple non-superconducting magnetic coils, PCFCL is proposed based on extensive electromagnetic time-domain finite-element simulations taking into account the relative performances of the constructive design parameters. These controlled finite-element simulations allow fine realistic details, such as the nonlinear magnetic saturation behavior of the iron core to be included, and studying the effect on general performance during dynamic reactions of the system. Moreover, the dynamic behavior of PCFCL is characterized in terms of steady-state voltage drop across its terminals, counter emf induced on the DC coil terminals, and limitation factor of the fault current. Dual-core and single-core designs are investigated with a comparison of their ability of limiting the fault current. Results reveal that the dual-core design has a superior performance than that of the single-core one. Finally, a design methodology flowchart has been proposed which depends on the extensive simulation results of different PCFCL topologies and published experimental results, where changing either the governing constructive parameters or the magnetic iron core design are consider

AB - In this paper, a design methodology of single-phase, simple non-superconducting magnetic coils, PCFCL is proposed based on extensive electromagnetic time-domain finite-element simulations taking into account the relative performances of the constructive design parameters. These controlled finite-element simulations allow fine realistic details, such as the nonlinear magnetic saturation behavior of the iron core to be included, and studying the effect on general performance during dynamic reactions of the system. Moreover, the dynamic behavior of PCFCL is characterized in terms of steady-state voltage drop across its terminals, counter emf induced on the DC coil terminals, and limitation factor of the fault current. Dual-core and single-core designs are investigated with a comparison of their ability of limiting the fault current. Results reveal that the dual-core design has a superior performance than that of the single-core one. Finally, a design methodology flowchart has been proposed which depends on the extensive simulation results of different PCFCL topologies and published experimental results, where changing either the governing constructive parameters or the magnetic iron core design are consider

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