The main objective of this study is to design and build an affordable solar thermoelectric refrigerator for the Bedouin people (e.g. deserts) living in remote parts of Oman where electricity is still not available. The refrigerator could be used to store perishable items and facilitate the transportation of medications as well as biological material that must be stored at low temperatures to maintain effectiveness. The design of the solar-powered refrigerator is based on the principles of a thermoelectric module (i.e., Peltier effect) to create a hot side and a cold side. The cold side of the thermoelectric module is utilized for refrigeration purposes; provide cooling to the refrigerator space. On the other hand, the heat from the hot side of the module is rejected to ambient surroundings by using heat sinks and fans. The designed solar thermoelectric refrigerator was experimentally tested for the cooling purpose. The results indicated that the temperature of the refrigeration was reduced from 27 °C to 5 °C in approximately 44 min. The coefficient of performance of the refrigerator (COPR) was calculated and found to be about 0.16.
- Prototype refrigerator
- Solar cells
- Solar energy
- Thermoelectric refrigeration
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Civil and Structural Engineering