Culture-specific pathogenicity of dhat (semen loss) syndrome in an Arab/Islamic society, Oman

Aida Saihi MacFarland, Mohammed Al-Maashani, Qassim Al Busaidi, Aziz Al-Naamani, May El-Bouri, Samir Al-Adawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A number of reports from different parts of the world have challenged the assumption that Dhat syndrome is confined to populations in and around the Indian subcontinent. This single case study reports an Omani with features typical of Dhat syndrome. Psychometric measures showed elevated scores on indices of hypochondriasis, psychasthenia, and gender role development as defined in the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. He rated adequately in measures assessing cognitive and executive functioning. Implementation of cognitive behavioral therapy, concurrent with a successful marriage proposal, resulted in a gradual resolution of the symptoms. This report concludes with a discussion on whether his Dhat syndrome should be viewed as a culture-reactive or culture-specific syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-255
Number of pages5
JournalOman Medical Journal
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2017

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Keywords

  • Arab/Islamic
  • Oman
  • Pathogenicity
  • Semen
  • Syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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