Cultural Bases for Self-Evaluation: Seeing Oneself Positively in Different Cultural Contexts

Maja Becker, Vivian L. Vignoles, Ellinor Owe, Matthew J. Easterbrook, Rupert Brown, Peter B. Smith, Michael Harris Bond, Camillo Regalia, Claudia Manzi, Maria Brambilla, Said Aldhafri, Roberto González, Diego Carrasco, Maria Paz Cadena, Siugmin Lay, Inge Schweiger Gallo, Ana Torres, Leoncio Camino, Emre Özgen, Ülkü E. GünerNil Yamakoǧlu, Flávia Cristina Silveira Lemos, Elvia Vargas Trujillo, Paola Balanta, Ma Elizabeth J. Macapagal, M. Cristina Ferreira, Ginette Herman, Isabelle de Sauvage, David Bourguignon, Qian Wang, Márta Fülöp, Charles Harb, Aneta Chybicka, Kassahun Habtamu Mekonnen, Mariana Martin, George Nizharadze, Alin Gavreliuc, Johanna Buitendach, Aune Valk, Silvia H. Koller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several theories propose that self-esteem, or positive self-regard, results from fulfilling the value priorities of one's surrounding culture. Yet, surprisingly little evidence exists for this assertion, and theories differ about whether individuals must personally endorse the value priorities involved. We compared the influence of four bases for self-evaluation (controlling one's life, doing one's duty, benefitting others, achieving social status) among 4,852 adolescents across 20 cultural samples, using an implicit, within-person measurement technique to avoid cultural response biases. Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses showed that participants generally derived feelings of self-esteem from all four bases, but especially from those that were most consistent with the value priorities of others in their cultural context. Multilevel analyses confirmed that the bases of positive self-regard are sustained collectively: They are predictably moderated by culturally normative values but show little systematic variation with personally endorsed values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)657-675
Number of pages19
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Diagnostic Self Evaluation
Self Concept
Multilevel Analysis
Emotions
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • culture
  • identity
  • self-esteem
  • self-evaluation
  • values

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Becker, M., Vignoles, V. L., Owe, E., Easterbrook, M. J., Brown, R., Smith, P. B., ... Koller, S. H. (2014). Cultural Bases for Self-Evaluation: Seeing Oneself Positively in Different Cultural Contexts. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40(5), 657-675. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167214522836

Cultural Bases for Self-Evaluation : Seeing Oneself Positively in Different Cultural Contexts. / Becker, Maja; Vignoles, Vivian L.; Owe, Ellinor; Easterbrook, Matthew J.; Brown, Rupert; Smith, Peter B.; Bond, Michael Harris; Regalia, Camillo; Manzi, Claudia; Brambilla, Maria; Aldhafri, Said; González, Roberto; Carrasco, Diego; Paz Cadena, Maria; Lay, Siugmin; Schweiger Gallo, Inge; Torres, Ana; Camino, Leoncio; Özgen, Emre; Güner, Ülkü E.; Yamakoǧlu, Nil; Silveira Lemos, Flávia Cristina; Trujillo, Elvia Vargas; Balanta, Paola; Macapagal, Ma Elizabeth J.; Cristina Ferreira, M.; Herman, Ginette; de Sauvage, Isabelle; Bourguignon, David; Wang, Qian; Fülöp, Márta; Harb, Charles; Chybicka, Aneta; Mekonnen, Kassahun Habtamu; Martin, Mariana; Nizharadze, George; Gavreliuc, Alin; Buitendach, Johanna; Valk, Aune; Koller, Silvia H.

In: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol. 40, No. 5, 2014, p. 657-675.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Becker, M, Vignoles, VL, Owe, E, Easterbrook, MJ, Brown, R, Smith, PB, Bond, MH, Regalia, C, Manzi, C, Brambilla, M, Aldhafri, S, González, R, Carrasco, D, Paz Cadena, M, Lay, S, Schweiger Gallo, I, Torres, A, Camino, L, Özgen, E, Güner, ÜE, Yamakoǧlu, N, Silveira Lemos, FC, Trujillo, EV, Balanta, P, Macapagal, MEJ, Cristina Ferreira, M, Herman, G, de Sauvage, I, Bourguignon, D, Wang, Q, Fülöp, M, Harb, C, Chybicka, A, Mekonnen, KH, Martin, M, Nizharadze, G, Gavreliuc, A, Buitendach, J, Valk, A & Koller, SH 2014, 'Cultural Bases for Self-Evaluation: Seeing Oneself Positively in Different Cultural Contexts', Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 657-675. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167214522836
Becker, Maja ; Vignoles, Vivian L. ; Owe, Ellinor ; Easterbrook, Matthew J. ; Brown, Rupert ; Smith, Peter B. ; Bond, Michael Harris ; Regalia, Camillo ; Manzi, Claudia ; Brambilla, Maria ; Aldhafri, Said ; González, Roberto ; Carrasco, Diego ; Paz Cadena, Maria ; Lay, Siugmin ; Schweiger Gallo, Inge ; Torres, Ana ; Camino, Leoncio ; Özgen, Emre ; Güner, Ülkü E. ; Yamakoǧlu, Nil ; Silveira Lemos, Flávia Cristina ; Trujillo, Elvia Vargas ; Balanta, Paola ; Macapagal, Ma Elizabeth J. ; Cristina Ferreira, M. ; Herman, Ginette ; de Sauvage, Isabelle ; Bourguignon, David ; Wang, Qian ; Fülöp, Márta ; Harb, Charles ; Chybicka, Aneta ; Mekonnen, Kassahun Habtamu ; Martin, Mariana ; Nizharadze, George ; Gavreliuc, Alin ; Buitendach, Johanna ; Valk, Aune ; Koller, Silvia H. / Cultural Bases for Self-Evaluation : Seeing Oneself Positively in Different Cultural Contexts. In: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 2014 ; Vol. 40, No. 5. pp. 657-675.
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AU - Bond, Michael Harris

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AU - Wang, Qian

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AU - Harb, Charles

AU - Chybicka, Aneta

AU - Mekonnen, Kassahun Habtamu

AU - Martin, Mariana

AU - Nizharadze, George

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